Ornithology

Ornithology
Ornithology

Study of Birds


The Ornithology Department was established in the early 1970s, with the appointment of Dr Tibor Farkas (1973-1986). The organization of material on display, much of which was exotic in origin, was the primary objective at this time.

Active collection of material began in the mid 1970s, but a lack of resources prevented the addition of new material to the collection between 1979 and 1982.

During Dr Roy Earlé’s term as Head of Department (1983-1990), the main objective was to resurrect active collection, focussing on birds representative of the Free State. The organization of the collection however meant its rationalization to about 500 study skins, as a result of deterioration of many specimens. There are currently more than 5000 skins in the collection.

A skeleton collection, started in 1983, grew rapidly and currently contains more than 2760 specimens. This collection is also widely used by palaeontologists and also for owl diet studies and other identifications. The aim of the Department is to built a representative skin collection and active collecting is still carried out in various parts of the Free State which is a  ongoing project.  Lots Morapedi was appointed as preparator in 1983 and is responsible for the preparation of the skeletal and skin specimens in the collection.

Collection of avian ecto-parasites and avian blood parasites began in 1987. The alcohol collection was started in September 1988. A tissue sample collection was started in 2011. Samples were also donated by visiting researchers from the University of New Mexico, the Natural History Museum of Paris, and the University of California based on Ornithology Department assistance with their field trips in the Free State.

Management of the Departmental collection was the responsibility of Ben Bester (1984-1985), Hester du Toit (1984-1992), Kotie Herholdt (1985-1988), Mariana de Wet (1986-1989), and Dawie de Swardt (1988 to present).

Rick Nuttall was Head of Department from 1991-2003, whereafter Dawie de Swardt was appointed to this position.

Research – past and present

Research in the Department has focused on the taxonomy of the Turdidae, on bird communities of various vegetation types, and on the distribution of species in the Free State Province (Tibor Farkas). Roy Earlé studied the biology of a number of species and groups of birds, including swallows (Hirundinidae), White-browed Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser mahali, Ant-eating Chat Myrmecocichla formicivora, Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus, House Passer domesticus and Cape Sparrow P. melanurus, as well as aerial-feeding bird communities in the forested north-eastern parts of South Africa. In collaboration with other researchers, Roy began to identify and describe avian blood parasites of South African birds. Together with Professor Nick Grobler (University of the Free State), he also produced the first Atlas of Bird Distribution in the Orange Free State, published in 1987.

Although employed as Collections Manager, Kotie Herholdt also carried out research, focusing mainly on the distribution patterns of Ludwig’s Neotis ludwigii and Denham’s Bustard N. denhami, breeding biology of the Ant-eating Chat Myrmecocichla formicivora, and of Little Swifts Apus affinis in urban areas. Dawie de Swardt, as research assistant before appointed as HOD, also assists with Roy Earle’s and Rick Nuttall’s projects in the Free State. Rick Nuttall’s research involves Zosterops (white-eye) systematics, behavioural ecology of estrildid finches (Estrildidae), systematics of various Cisticola species and moult and migration of Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica; the latter also involves collaboration with other swallow researchers, both locally and internationally.

Dawie de Swardt, who is the current HOD of Ornithology Department, studied the behaviour of the Northern Black Korhaan Eupodotis afraoides, the biology, movements and biometrics of Gurney’s Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi and Malachite Sunbirds Nectarinia famosa.  Dawie also completed his Msc degree on Gurneys Sugarbird in 2008 and was invited by the Editors of the Handbook Birds of the World series to write the Promeropidae family text for volume 16 of the series.  Other projects includes the behaviour (and song dialects between different populations) of the poorly-known African Rock Pipit Anthus crenatus and the taxonomical relationships of Karoo Prinia maculosa and Drakensberg Prinias P. hypoxantha in the Free State and adjacent areas. In collaboration with Dr Raurie Bowie (University of California, Berkeley, USA) blood samples for DNA analysis are collected from both ringed birds and collected specimens.

Current project of the Department includes general bird ringing studies and to build a representative collection of study skin material of Free State birds.  Bird ringing studies are also carried out at the Florisbad Research station on the Rufouseared Warblers Malcorus pectoralis and other bird species.  A continuation of the previous Gurney’s Sugarbird project is currently in the Soutpansberg and Haenertsburg areas of Limpopo Province to study this sugarbird species which occur in isolated islands of protea woodland in hilly areas surrounded by plantations and grasslands.  Also in collaboration with the University of Pretoria, blood samples of the sugarbirds were also collected for genetic diversity research projects.

News

Biodiversity Symposium in Kimberley

Biodiversiteitskongres in Kimberley
Dawie de Swardt (back, second from left) and Jan Andries Neethling in front of him with delegates at the symposium.

11 January 2017
Dawie de Swardt (Ornithology Department) and Jan Andries Neethling (Arachnology Department) attended the 13th Kimberley Biodiversity Research Symposium at the Mcgregor Museum in Kimberley. This symposium is presented annually by the McGregor Museum, Northern Cape Department of Environment and Nature Conservation, SANParks (Kimberley) and the South African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON). Dawie gave a presentation on his research on African Rock Pipits: African Rock Pipits from work done at Tswalu kalahari Reserve and Grobleshoop area.


Researcher visits Ornithology Department

Researcher visits Ornithology Department

11 January 2017
Dawie de Swardt (left), Head of the Ornithology Department, and Darren Pietersen (University of Pretoria) who visited the department to study the pipit skin collection as part of his PhD research.


Bird ringing expedition in Lydenburg

Bird ringing expedition to Lydenburg

11 January 2017
In February Dawie de Swardt undertook a bird-ringing trip to Lydenburg as part of his annual visit to the study site of the Gurney Sugarbird project. This year he was joined by a group of bird ringers from BirdLife Northern Gauteng, Pretoria, who were interested in the project. They assisted in capturing and ringing sugarbirds and other species and obtaining recapture data. During this visit 19 sugarbirds were captured and blood and feather samples taken. Bird ringing was also carried out in the nearby Gustav Klingbiel Nature Reserve outside Lydenburg where more than 200 birds were captured. Dawie also presented a talk and a bird-ringing demonstration to members of the Escarpment Bird Club at Paardeplaats, Lydenburg. His presentation, Gurney's Sugarbirds in the Lydenburg area – three decades of dedicated research,gave an overview of this long term project.


Training opportunities

Training Opportunities

14 December 2016
Mmatjie Mashao, technical assistant in ornithology at the Durban Natural Science Museum, visited the Museum during November 2016 to be trained by Dawie de Swardt (ornithologist) and Lots Morapedi (preparator) in preparing study skins as well as curation techniques for the storage of study skin, skeleton and tissue sample collections.

Staff

Senior Museum Scientist and Head of Department

Dawid H. de Swardt MSc dawie@nasmus.co.za

Dawie joined the Ornithology Department in 1988 assisting Dr. Roy Earlé with his research on South African Cliff Swallows, as well as other swallow and swift species. Dawie was also involved in a long-term project on Gurney’s Sugarbirds in eastern Mpumalanga and it was not long before a study was also undertaken to investigate the movements of Malachite Sunbirds in the Free State. Other research projects include a behavioural study on the Northern Black Korhaan, behaviour and vocalization of the African Rock Pipit and assisting Rick Nuttall with his projects on cisticolas, white-eyes and estrildid finches. Currently a project on the Karoo- and Drakensberg prinias in the Free State and adjacent areas is undertaken, concentrating on areas of possible overlap. Dawie has a National Diploma in Nature Conservation (1987) and National High Diploma (Foresty): Conservation from Saasveld, George (now Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Univeristy, George Campus, Saasveld) (1995). His thesis on Gurney’s Sugarbirds “Aspects of the behaviour and ecology of Gurney’s Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi Verreaux, 1871 in Protea woodland, South Africa” earned him an MSc (1998). Bird ringing also forms an integral part of research projects and more than 13 000 birds have been ringed since 1987. Dawie has also been involved in the first bird atlas project (1988 -1992) and currently in the SABAP2 project. He is also responsible for collection and curation of the bird collection, representing mostly Free State birds.


Aphiwe Kozana - Intern Ornithology department

ornithology@nasmus.co.za

She obtained a BSc degree from the University o0f the Free State majoring in Botany and Zoology. She has an honors degree in Botany (Molecular biology) and is currently doing a Master’s degree working on the identification of wheat viruses and associated vectors.

Her studies and research interest have been influenced by her fascination with nature, the dynamics that exists between plants and animals, living organisms and their environment and therefore identifies generally as a researcher. Nature conservation is a field she would like to explore which is why she finds working at the museum to be a great opportunity

Aphiwe is an intern in the Ornithology department under the supervision of Mr Dawie de Swardt. She is working on various aspects of bird collections, bird ringing and conduct research. She is also a registered observer on the SABAP2 project by doing bird surveys in the Free State and surrounded areas as part of her field work in the Department.


Lots-MorapediPreparator

Lotz Morapedi

Lotz is, since 1983, a General Assistant in the Ornithology Department. He is mainly responsible for the preparation of research specimens that involves the preparation of bird specimens as study skins as well as skeletal specimens and the subsequent curation of it. He also assists with research projects such as bird ringing and collecting.

Research Projects
  • General bird collecting to expand the Ornithological collections and bird ringing as part of the Department's curation and reserach activities.
  • Study on Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi isolated island populations in Limpopo Province and adjacent areas and their genetics based on blood sampling from birds.
  • Ad hoc project on Secretarybird breeding activities and nest monitoring in the Bloemfontein area. In collaboration with BirdLife South Africa to fit sattelite transmitters to nestlings if available.
Publications - Scientific Articles

Sychra, O., Halajian, A., Engelbrecht, G. D., Symes, C., Oschadleus, H. D., de Swardt, D. H. & Papousek, I. 2020. Louse-flies (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) of birds from South Africa: prevalence and diversity. African Entomology 28: 249 - 261.

Leroy, T., Rousselle, M., Tilak, M., Caizergues, A., Scornavacca, C., Carrasco, M. R., Fuchs, J., Illera, J. C., de Swardt, D. H., Thebaud, C., Mila, B. & Nabholz, B. 2021. Endemic island songbirds as windows into evolution in small effective population sizes.  Current Biology 31: 1 – 8.

De Swardt, D. H. 2018. Notes on the seasonal occurrence of Sickle-winged Chats Cercomelia sinuata in the central Free State with notes on their seasonality. Biological Observations 9: 12: 1-5.

De Swardt, D. H.,Lee, A, Butler, H. J. B.  & Oschadleus, H. D. 2018. Biometrics and diet of two closely related birds: Karoo Prinia (Prinia maculosa) and Drakensberg Prinia (Prinia hypoxantha). Indago 34: 125 - 133.

De Swardt, D. H. 2018. Common Fiscal using man-made object during feeding. Biological Observations 9: 2: 1-2.

Fuchs, J., De Swardt, D. H., Oatley, G., Fjeldsa, J. & Bowie, R. C. K. 2018. Habitat-driven diversification, hybridization and cryptic diversity in the Fork-tailed Drongo (Passeriformes: Dicruridae: Dicrurus adsimilis).   Zoologica Scripta 47:266-284. 

De Swardt DH 2017. Birds of the Bloemfontein pentad 2905_2610: a review over a 30 year period. Biodiversity Observations, Vol 8.43: 1-1.

De Swardt, D. H. 2017. The call note - A new vocalization for the African Rock Pipit Anthus crenatusBiological Observations 8. 10: 1-3.

De Swardt, D. H. 2017. Living in isolation - Observations on African Rock Pipits in the Northern Cape. Biological Observations 8. 13: 1 - 6.

Oatley, G., De Swardt, D. H., Nuttall, R. J., Crowe, T. M. & Bowie, R. C. K. 2017. Phenotypic and genotypic variation across a stable white-eye (Zosterops sp.) hybrid zone in central South Africa. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 121: 670-684. 

De Swardt, D. H., Mashao, M. & Engelbrecht, G. D. 2016. Diet of the Pririt Batis Batis pririt in the Free State, South Africa. Biodiversity Observations 7 .67: 1-2.

De Swardt, D. H. 2016.White-crested Helmet-shrike in the Vredefort area, Northern Free State. Biological Observations 7.4: 1-2.

De Swardt, D. H. 2016.Alarm calls of African Rock Pipit Anthus crenatus – A new vocalization. Biological Observations 7.17: 1-3.

De Swardt, D. H. 2016.Birds ringed and recaptured at Kalkwal, Free State. Biodiversity Observations7: 23: 1 - 4.

De Swardt, D. H. 2016. Secretarybird Sagittaruis serpentaruis resighted after 5 years. Biodiversity Observations 7: 26: 1 - 2.

De Swardt DH 2016.Feral population of Common Peacock Pavo cristatus breeding in Boemfontein, Free State. Biodiversity Observations 7.56: 1-2.

De Swardt DH 2016.Lesser Grey Shrike and Common Fiscal impaling prey. Biodiversity Observations 7.57: 1-2.

De Swardt DH 2016.Observations on a Secretarybird nest at Langfontein, Petrusburg district, Free State. Biodiversity Observations 7.64:1-4.

Retief, E. F., Smith-Robinson, H. A. & De Swardt, D. H. 2015.Egyptian Geese nesting in Secretarybird nests. Ornithological Observations 6: 215 - 216.

De Swardt, D. H. & van der Westhuizen, A. C. 2015. Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius ringing in the Free State and Eastern Cape: movement data on patagial-tagged nestlings. Gabar 26: 8 – 10.

De Swardt, D. H. 2015. Observations of African Jacanas at Rooidam, Bloemfontein. Ornithological Observations 6: 202 – 204.

Mashao, M, Engelbrecht, D. & de Swardt, D. H. 2015. Desktop ecology: Sabota Lark Calendulauda sabota.  Ornithological Observations 6: 84 – 91.

De Swardt, D. H. & Boshoff, W. 2015. Golden-tailed Woodpeckers along Orange River in southern Free State. Ornithological Observations 6: 29 - 30.

De Swardt, D. H. 2014. Bird distribution changes in the Lydenburg area, Mpumalanga (2530AB Lydenburg & 2530BA Long Tom Pass) using SABAP data to compare with historical data: a period since the 1980’s. Ornithological Observations 5: 431 - 449.

De Swardt, D. H. 2014. Spotted Eagle-owl nesting on top of Sociable Weaver nest.Ornithological Observations 5: 355 – 356.

De Swardt, D. H. 2014. A comparative analysis of SABAP2 data for the Free State National Botanical Gardens and the Valley of Seven Dams Conservancy, Bloemfontein.Ornithological Observations 5: 1 – 8.

De Swardt, D. H. 2014. Recapture and movement data of Gurney’s Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi in the Lydenburg area, Mpumalanga Province, over nearly three decades.Afring News 43: 3 – 8.

De Swardt, D. H. 2014. An unconvenient death: Eastern Clapper Lark on barbed wire fence.Ornithological Observations 5: 112 - 113.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. Unusual golden colour variation of Green-winged Pytilia ringed at Dedeben, Tswalu Kalahari Reserve. Afring News 42: 29 – 31.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. White-backed Vultures nesting on electricity pylons in the Boshof area, Free State, South Africa.Vulture News 65: 48 – 49.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. New distribution records: Black-backed Puffback and Barred Wren-warbler in the Free State. Ornithological Observations 4: 69-71.

De Swardt, D. H. 2012. Nature recycles: Egyptian Goose breeding in an old Secretarybird nest. Ornithological Observations 3: 223-224.

De Swardt, D. H. 2012. Bird species captured in Protea roupelliae woodland and their association with Protea habitats. Ornithological Observations 3: 29-37.

De Swardt, D. H. 2012. Suburban garden bird ringing: some ringing and recapture data over a period of nine years. Afring News 41: 16-18.

De Swardt, D. H. 2012. 2925BD Hagesdam - SABAP1 and SABAP2 compared. Ornithological Observations 3: 109-122.De Swardt, D. H. 2011. Late-summer breeding record for Secretarybirds Sagittaruis serpentaruis in the Free State. Gabar 22:31-33.

De Swardt, D. H. 2011.  Unusual egg coloration in Three-banded Plover Charadruis tricollarisOrnithological Observations 2: 60-61.

De Swardt, D. H. 2011. Gurney’s Sugarbird project and Safring ringing data. Afring News 40: 25-26.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Individual and inter-population variation in African Rock Pipit Anthus crenatussongs. pp. 105-112. In: Harebottle, D.M., Craig, A.J.F.K., Anderson, M.D., Rakotomanana, H. & Muchai, M. (eds). Proceedings of the 12th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, 2008. Cape Town, Animal Demograpghy Unit.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca hybridizes with Common Shelduck Tadorna tadornaOrnithological Observations 1:63-64.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Notes on the breeding and breeding success of Crowned Lapwings Vanellus coronatus in the southern suburbs of Bloemfontein. Ornithological Observations 1: 48-51.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Jacobin Cuckoo parasitising African Red-eyed Bulbul nest. Ornithological Observations1: 3-4.

De Swardt, D. H. & Van der Westhuizen, A. C. 2010. First Sectretarybirds Saggitaruis serpentaruisringed with patagial tags in the Free State. Gabar 21: 56-59.

De Swardt, D.H. 2008. Brimstone (Bully) Canaries Crithagra sulphuratus in the Zastron district, south–eastern Free State. Bird Numbers 14: 20–21.

De Swardt, D.H. 2008. Family Promeropidae (Sugarbirds). Pp. 486-497. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. & Christie, D.A. (eds). (2008). Handbook Birds of the WorldVol 13. Penduline-tits to Shrikes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

De Swardt, D.H. 2007. Another record of a Secretarybird Sagittaruis serpentaruis pair raising three nestlings in the Free State, South Africa. Gabar 18 (2): 9-16.

De Swardt, D.H. 2006. Singing behaviour and perch use of male African Rock Pipits Anthus crenatus. Navors. Nas Mus., Bloemfontein 22: 129-144.

De Swardt, D.H. 2006. Bully Canaries in the Zastron district, southeastern Free State. Bee-eater 57: 4-5.

De Swardt, D.H. 2006. Jackal Buzzard Buteo rufofuscus nesting in an Olive tree in the southern Free State. Gabar 17: 20.

De Swardt, D.H. 2006. Verreauxs’ Eagle Aquila verreauxi breeding on a vodacom structure – with a sad ending. Gabar 17: 23 - 24.

De Swardt, D.H. 2006. Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus attacking a Black-bellied Bustard Lissotis melanogasterGabar 17: 22-23.

Szép, T., Møller, A.P., Piper, S., Nuttall, R., Szabo, Z.D. & Pap, P.L. 2006. Searching for potential wintering and migration areas of a Danish Barn Swallow population in South AFrica by correlating NDVI with survival estimates. J. Ornithol. 147(2): 245-253. 

De Swardt, D.H., Grobler, G.P.J., Nuttall, R.J. & Oschadleus, H.D. 2005. Bishop’s Glen Ringing Project – valuable recapture data obtained after ten years. Afring News 34: 21 - 29.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Locustfinch. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. p 1038.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Orange-breasted Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1039-1040.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. African Quail Finch. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1040-1041.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Yellow-bellied Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1043-1044.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Swee Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1044-1045.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Black-faced Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1047-1049.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Grey Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1049-1050.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Cinderella Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. p 1050.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Common Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1051-1052.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Violet-eared Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1053-1054.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Blue Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1054-1056.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Bronze Mannikin. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1065-1067.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Magpie Mannikin. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1067-1068.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Red-backed Mannikin. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1068-1069.

De Swardt, D.H. 2004. Greatest longevity record for Gurney’s Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiAfring News 33: 38-39.

De Swardt, D.H., Grobler, G.P.J. & Oschadleus, H.D. 2004. Bird ringing in the Free State National Botanical Gardens, Bloemfontein, with notes on recaptures. Afring News 33: 65-70.

De Swardt, D.H., Symes, C.T. & Downes, C.T. 2004. An analysis of biometric data of the Malachite Sunbird Nectarinia famosa from five regions in South Africa. Afring News: 33: 10-14.

Hulley, P.E., Craig, A.J.F.K., Underhill, G.D., Bonnevie, B.T., Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 2004. Timing of moult and breeding in the Cape White-eye, Zosterops pallidus, from three different geographical regions in South Africa. Emu 104: 353-358.

Kopij, G., Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 2004. An analysis of avian (Aves) stomach contents from South Africa. Durban Museum Novitates 29: 21-30.

De Swardt, D.H. 2003. Malachite Sunbird recaptured after ten years. Afring News 32: 11.

De Swardt, D.H. 2003. Another Secretarybird breeding attempt near Hagesdam, Bloemfontein. Bird Numbers 12:47.

De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 2003. An analysis of road-killed bird specimens in the collection of the Ornithology Department, National Museum, Bloemfontein. Bird Numbers 12: 13-16.

De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Moult and eclipse plumage of Malachite Sunbird Nectarinia famosa in the Free State, South Africa. Ostrich 73:176-178.

De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Notes on breeding biology of the Rock Pipit Anthus crenatusOstrich 73: 170-171.

De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Breeding observations on nest of Secretarybird. Bird Numbers 11: 29-31.

Kopij, G., De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 2002. Diet of pipits in South African grassland. Ostrich 73: 71-73.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Preliminary observations on Malachite Sunbird movements in the Free State. Ostrich 72: 203-206.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Notes on the post-nestling period and breeding success of Gurney’s Sugarbird, Promerops gurneyiOstrich 72: 200-201.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Nestlings and nestling period of the Longbilled Pipit Anthus similisBird Numbers 10: 36.

De Swardt, D.H. & Peach, W.J. 2001. Annual survival of Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiOstrich 72: 206-209.

Nuttall, R.J., Kleynhans, H.J., Kleynhans, J., De Swardt, D.H. & Van Der Walt, S. 2001. First record of Bartailed Godwit Limosa lapponica in the Free State, South Africa. Bird Numbers 10: 59.

De Swardt, D.H. 2000. The birds of Soetdoring Nature Reserve and adjacent areas, central Free State. BirdLife South Africa guide pp. 1-40. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

De Swardt, D.H. 2000. Moult and eclipse plumages of Malachite Sunbirds in the Free State. Safring News 29:27.

De Swardt, D.H. 2000. Incubation and nestling period of Bokmakierie Telophorus zeylonusBird Numbers 9: 23.

Kopij, G., De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Diet of seven coraciiform species (Coraciiformes) in South Africa. Acta Ornithologica 35: 207-209.

Kopij, G., Kok, O.B. & Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Breeding cycle of the Southern Bald Ibis, Geronticus calvusOstrich 71(3&4): 393-399.

Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Delegorgue's Pigeon. In: The Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Barnes, K.N. (ed.). pp. 109-111. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Barnes, K.N., Colahan, B.D., Nuttall, R.J. & Taylor, P.B. 1998. Important Bird Areas of the Free State. In: Important Bird Areas of southern Africa. Barnes, K.N. (ed.) pp. 123-139. Johannesburg: BirdLife South Africa.

De Swardt, D.H. 1998. Aspects of the behaviour and ecology of Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi Verreaux, 1871, in Protea woodland, South Africa. Unpublished MSc thesis. University of the Free State: Bloemfontein.

De Swardt, D. H. & Griesel, R. 1998. The Redthroated Wryneck in the southern Free State. Bird Numbers 7: 25.

Kopij, G. & De Swardt, D.H. 1998. Breeding ecology of the Little Swift Apus affinis, in Bloemfontein, South Africa. Navors. Nas Mus., Bloemfontein 14: 145-159.

Nuttall, R.J., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G. & Lockwood, G. 1998. Priorities for bird conservation in South Africa. Johannesburg: BirdLife South Africa. pp. 17.

De Swardt, D.H. 1997. Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 486-487. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

De Swardt, D.H. & Schoeman, S. 1997. Sunbird recaptures and seasonal movements at Lydenburg, Mpumalanga Province. Safring News 26:13-15.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Delegorgue's Pigeon Columba delegorgueiIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 1: Non-passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), p. 501. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Blackcollared Barbet Lybius torquatusIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 1: Non-passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 710-711. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Pied Barbet Tricholaema leucomelasIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 1: Non-passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), p. 712-713. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Crested Barbet Trachyphonus vaillantiiIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 1: Non-passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), p. 724-725. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Cape White-eye Zosterops pallidusIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 526-527. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensisIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 528-529. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Brown Firefinch Lagonosticta nitidulaIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), p. 601. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Bluebilled Firefinch Lagonosticta rubricataIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 602-603. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Jameson's Firefinch Lagonosticta rhodopareiaIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 604-605. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Redbilled Firefinch Lagonosticta senegalaIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 606-607. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Quail Finch Ortygospiza atricollisIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 622-623. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Bronze Mannikin Spermestes cucullatusIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 630-631. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Redbacked Mannikin Spermestes bicolorIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 632-633. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Yelloweyed Canary Serinus mozambicusIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 650-651. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Blackthroated Canary Serinus atrogularisIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 652-653. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Streakyheaded Canary Serinus gularisIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 672-673. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

De Swardt, D.H. & Van Niekerk, D.J. 1996. An annotated check list of the birds of Qwaqwa National Park. Koedoe 39:89-106.

Nuttall, R.J. 1996. Notes on Delegorgue's Pigeon Columba delegorguei in the Karkloof, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Ostrich 67:45-46.

De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Malachite Sunbird ringing in the Free State. Safring News 24:15-18.

De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Bird survival data from the Oliewenhuis Gardens, central Bloemfontein. Safring News 24: 59-61.

De Swardt, D. 1995. Voëlberinging kan gevaarlik wees. Safring News 24: 83-84.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomerina at Zastron, southeastern Free State Province, South Africa. Journal of African Raptor Biology 10:35-36.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Identification problems during bird ringing - the Whitethroat example! Safring News 23: 22-23.

De Swardt, D.H. & Louw, S. 1994. The diet and foraging behaviour of Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiNavors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 10: 245-258.

Bates, M.F. & De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Mabuya variegata punctulataMabuya striata sparsa and Meroles suborbitalis: Avian predation. African Herp. News 21: 18-19.

De Swardt, D.H. 1993. Factors affecting the densities of nectarivores in Protea roupelliae woodland. Ostrich 64: 172-177.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Seasonal changes in the birdlife of a peri-urban grassland community. Ostrich 64: 1-7.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Vocal behaviour of the Quail Finch Ortygospiza atricollisOstrich 64: 94-107.

Bates, M.F., De Swardt, D.H. & Louw, S. 1992. A note on the diet of the Yellowbilled Egret. Ostrich63(1): 44.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. A behaviour study of the Black Korhaan Eupodotis afraoidesNavors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 8(6): 237-258.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Distribution, biometrics and moult of Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiOstrich 63: 13-20.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Rednecked Falcons in the western Orange Free State, South Africa. Gabar 7: 69.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Some interesting recaptures at the Oliewenhuis Gardens, central Bloemfontein. Safring News 21: 15-16.

De Swardt, D.H. & Bothma, N. 1992. Notes on the breeding biology of Gurney's Sugarbird. Ostrich 63: 136-137.

De Swardt, D.H. & Buys, P.J. 1992. Cape Sugarbird at Jagersfontein, southern Orange Free State. Ostrich 63: 136.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Methods for trapping Quail Finches Ortygospiza atricollis. Safring News 21: 55-59.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Breeding biology of the Quail Finch Ortygospiza atricollisOstrich 63: 110-117.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Measurements and moult in the Greater Double-collared Sunbird. Safring News20: 21-25.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. The seasonal movements of Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi in the Lydenburg area, Transvaal. Ostrich 62: 40-44.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1991. Bee-eaters taking earthworms on the ground. British Birds 84(2): 61-62.

Earlé‚ R.A., Bennett, G.F., Du Toit, H., De Swardt, D.H. & Herholdt, J.J. 1991. Regional and seasonal distribution of avian blood parasites from northern South Africa. S. Afr. J. Wild. Res. 21: 47-53.

Nuttall, R.J. 1991. Marsh Owls Asio capensis hawking termite alates. Mirafra 8: 57-58.

Nuttall, R.J. 1991. Eastern Saw-wing Swallow and Black-eared Canary observations. Honeyguide 37: 77-78.

Nuttall, R.J. 1991. Feeding association during termite emergence. Honeyguide 37: 78-80.

Bates, M.F. & De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Life History note: Cacosternum boetgeri and Xenopus laevis laevis: Avian predation. J. Herp. Assoc. Afr. 37: 46.

Bennett, G.F., Pierce, M.A. & Earlé, R.A. 1990. The haemoproteids of the shrikes of the avian family Laniidae (Passeriformes). S.A. J. Zool. 25(3): 194-198.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Ageing and sexing Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiSafring News 19: 57-60.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Birds of the Gustav Klingbiel Nature Reserve and Sterkspruit area, Lydenburg. Southern Birds 16: 1-67.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Growth and behaviour of Secretarybird nestlings. Gabar 5: 22.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Pygmy Falcon catches Sociable Weaver in flight. Gabar 5: 27.

Kok, O.B. & Earlé, R.A. 1990. Diet of the Black Korhaan Eupodotis afra in the Orange Free State and north-west Cape. Ostrich 61(3/4): 107-110.

Crowe, T.M., Kemp, A.C., Earlé, R.A. & Grant, W.S. 1989. Systematics is a most essential, but most neglected biological science. S. Afr. Journ. Sci. 85: 418-423.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Some observations on the local movements of Gurney's Sugarbird in the Lydenburg area. Safring News 18: 31-32.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1989. Breeding biology of the Redbreasted Swallow Hirundo semirufaOstrich 60: 13-21.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1989. The importance of temporary pans to birds in the central Orange Free State. Naturalist 33: 8-12.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Brooke, R.K. 1989. Taxonomy, distribution, migration and moult of the Redbreasted Swallow Hirundo semirufaOstrich 60: 151-158.

Kemp, A., Earlé‚ R.A., Mendelsohn, J., Vernon, C., Harris, T., Komen, J. & Berrutti, A. 1989.Systematic theory and practice applied to avian research and collections at South African and Namibian Museums. Samab 18(7): 265-270.

Oatley, T.B., Earlé, R.A. & Prins, A.J. 1989. The diet and foraging behaviour of the Ground Woodpecker. Ostrich 60: 75-84.

De Swardt, D.H. 1988. Blackshouldered Kite breeding in summer at Roodeplaat-dam Nature Reserve, South Africa. Gabar 3: 101-102.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. The timing of breeding and moult in the Lesser Striped Swallow. Ibis 130: 378-383.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. The timing of breeding and moult in three African Swallows. Revue Zool. afr. 192: 61-70.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. A cast-net for trapping nightjars (and others). Safring News 17: 25-28.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. Nest rotation by Whitethroated Swallows during the breeding season. Hirundo 1: 11-12.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Herholdt, J.J. 1988. Breeding and moult of the Anteating Chat Myrmecocichla formicivoraOstrich 59: 155-161.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Lawson, A.B. 1988. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Golden Gate Highlands National Park. Koedoe 31: 227-243.

Earlé, R.A. & Louw, S. 1988. Diet of the Anteating Chat Myrmecocichla formicivora in relation to terrestrial arthropod abundance. S. Afr. J. Zool. 23(3): 224-229.

Earlé, R.A., Louw, S. & Herholdt, J.J. 1988. Notes on the measurements and diet of Ludwig's Bustard Neotis ludwigiiOstrich 59(4): 178-179.

Farkas, T.B. 1988. The birds of Korannaberg, eastern Orange Free State, South Africa. Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 6(3).

Herholdt, J.J. 1988. An albino Red Bishop in OFS. Bokmakierie 40: 22.

Herholdt, J.J. 1988. The distribution of Stanley's and Ludwig's Bustard in southern Africa: a review. Ostrich 59: 8-13.

Herholdt, J.J. & Grobler, N.J..1988. Dimensions of Botha's Lark Spizocorys fringillarisOstrich 59: 47.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. A case of bigamy in the Redbreasted Swallow Hirundo semirufaS. Afr. J. Zool. 22: 325-326.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Distribution, migration and timing of moult in the South African Cliff Swallow. Ostrich58: 118-121.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Homing ability of the South African Cliff Swallow. Safring News 16: 3-7.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Moult and breeding seasons of the Greyrumped Swallow. Ostrich 58: 181-182.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Measurements, moult and timing of breeding in the Blue Swallow. Ostrich 58: 182-185.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Notes on Hirundo fuliginosa and its status as a "Cliff Swallow". Bull. Brit. Orn. Club. 107: 59-63.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Ringing and recovery details of four swallow species in southern Africa. Safring News 16: 67-72.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Grobler, N.J. 1987. First atlas of bird distribution in the Orange Free State. Bloemfontein: National Museum.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Notes on a Greater Honeyguide Indicator indicator chick raised by Anteating Chats Myrmecocichla formicivoraBull. Brit. Orn. Club 107: 70-73.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Dimensions and deformaties of South African Cliff Swallow. Ostrich 57: 56-59.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Reappraisal of variation in the Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus (Aves: Picidae). Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 5(7): 79-93.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. The breeding biology of the South African Cliff Swallow. Ostrich 57: 138-156.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Time budget of South African Cliff Swallows during breeding. S. Afr. J. Zool. 21: 57-59.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Vocalizations of the South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spiloderaS. Afr. J. Zool. 21: 229-232.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Herholdt, J.J. 1986. Co-operative breeding in the Anteating Chat. Ostrich 57: 188-189.

Herholdt, J.J. 1986. Occurrence of the Barred Warbler in the Orange Free State. Osrich 57: 114.

Herholdt, J.J. 1986. Diet of the Barn Owl at a riverine roost in the central Orange Free State. Ostrich57: 185-187.

Herholdt, J.J. & Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Ashy Tit and Pied Barbets roosting in a sandbank. Ostrich 57: 64.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1985. A description of the social, aggressive and maintenance behaviour of the South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spilodera (Aves: Hirundinidae). Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 5(3): 37-50.

Earlé, R.A. 1985. Ageing and sexing guide - South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spiloderaSafring News 14: 48.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1985. Predators, parasites and symbionts of the South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spilodera (Aves: Hirundinidae). Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 5(1): 1-18.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1985. The nest of the South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spilodera (Aves: Hirundinidae). Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 5(2): 21-36.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1985. Foraging behaviour and diet of the South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spilodera (Aves: Hirundinidae). Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 5(4): 53-66.

Farkas, T.B. 1981. Bird communities of the False Upper Karoo. Mem. Nas. Mus., Bloemfontein. 16: 1-160.

Publications - Popular Articles

De Swardt, D. H. 2020. Birds of the Oliewenhuis koppies. Culna online.

De Swardt, D. H. & Howes-Whitecross, M. 2020. Secretarybird breeding observations in the Bloemfontein area. Culna online.

De Swardt, D. H. 2021. Long-tailed Paradise Whydah and Harlequin Quail feeding behaviour. The Lark 34: 70 – 72.

De Swardt, D. H. 2021. Garden watch – Twitter feed. African Birdlife 9 (3): 66.

De Swardt, D. H. 2020. Cassanovia - the sad story of the Bloemfontein ringed Secretarybird. The Lark 31: 77 - 80.

De Swardt, D. H. 2020. Eggs in the diet of Secretarybird nestlings. The Lark 29: 62 - 64.

De Swardt, D. H. 2020. Crowned Lapwing breeding in townhouse complex park. Sakabula 56: 7.

De Swardt, D. H. 2020. Unusual and rare fence mortality - Greater painted Snipe. The Lark 28:53-54.

De Swardt, D. H. 2020. Museum research shows that Red-billed Buffalo-weavers  have become extinct in the Free State due to deforestation. Culna 74; 25-26.

De Swardt, D. H. & Engelbrecht D. 2019. Gurney's Sugarbird - Ringing in the Hwiti Mountain region. The Lark 21: 26-31.

De Swardt, D. H. 2019. Close encounters with African Rock Pipits. Culna 73: 10 - 11.

De Swardt, D. H. 2019. Atlasing the Leeuberg pentades south of Bloemfontein. SABAP2 reports No 6.

De Swardt, D. H. 2019. Going ... going ... In search of South Africa's northernmost sugarbirds. The Lark 26: 4 - 9.

De Swardt, D. H. 2018. Unusual bill deformation in a Red-eyed Bulbul. The Lark 20: 41.

De Swardt, D. H. 2018. Nomads on the move: Monotonous Lark in the southern Free State. The Lark 20:54-56.

De Swardt, D. H. 2017. Letters - Inbox: Rising above it. African BirdLife Sept / Oct 2017: 8.

De Swardt, D. H. & Smith, J. 2016. Raptor "balchatri" ringing training in the Strydenburg area, Northern Cape. Eagles Eye September 2016. p21-22.

De Swardt, D. H. 2016. Garden Watch - Twitter feed. African Birdlife 4: 76.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. The Egyptian Vulture – a tool using bird.Culna 68: 30 - 31.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. Interessante waarnemings tydens SABAP2 opnames: Januarie – Julie 2013.Sakabula 45: 9 – 10.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. Green-winged Pytilia with interesting colour variation ringed at Dedeben reserach Centre on Tswalu Kalahari Reserve.  Diamond Route Newsletter. December 2013: 2.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. Searching for African Rock Pipits at Tswalu Kalahari.  Diamond Route Newsletter. December 2013: 2.

De Swardt, D. H. 2012. Korannaberg. Sakabula 43: 2-3.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Egg-centric Secretarybird nest. Africa Birds & Birding 15: 15.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Karoo and Drakensberg Prinias – the difference is in the spots! Culna 65: 15 – 16.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010 Gurney’s Sugarbirds in the Lydenburg area. Environment - People and Conservation in Africa 2: 42 – 45.

De Swardt, D. H. 2009. Willem Pretorius Wildtuin-uitstappie op 17 Oktober 2009. Sakabula 35: 6-7.

De Swardt, D. H. 2008. An unconventional hang–out. Africa Birds & Birding 13:55.

De Swardt, D. H. 2006. Kakelaars en hoep-hoeppe se chemiese oorlogvoering. Culna 61: 12-13.

De Swardt, D. H. 2006. Displaying behaviour of Familiar Chat. Bee-eater 57: 10.

De Swardt, D.H. 2004. Ludwig’s Bustard breeding at Garingboom. Sakabula 18: 10-11.

De Swardt, D.H2003. African Rock Pipit behaviour and vocalizations. Culna 58: 28-29.

De Swardt, D.H2003. Winter voëls-kyk by Soutpan en Hagesdam. Sakabula 17: 9-10.

Oschadleus, D. & De Swardt, D. H. 2003. Safring News: Malachite Sunbird. Africa Birds & Birding8(4): 9.

De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Black-headed Canaries at Hagesdam, central Free State. Mirafra 19: 1-2.

De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Nest site selection by breeding birds at Hagesdam, central Free State. Mirafra19: 60-62.

De Swardt, D.H2002. Report on ringing project on Gurney's Sugarbirds at Lydenburg, Mpumalanga. Indaba Inyoni 5(3): 24-25.

Kopij, G., Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Diet of Piciformes and Coliiformes in the Free State, South Africa. Mirafra 19: 65-67.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Termites in Jackal Buzzard Buteo rufofuscus stomach contents. Mirafra 18(2): 20.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Sekretarisvoëls se broeigewoontes. Culna 56: 6-7.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. 'n Nat maar suksesvolle uitstappie na Maria Moroko Nasionale Park. Sakabula6: 14-15.

Kopij, G., Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Arthropod diet of the Malachite Sunburd Nectarinia famosa in South Africa. Mirafra 18(2): 20-21.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Caspian Plovers Charadrius asiaticus in the central Free State, South Africa. Mirafra 18(1): 1-2.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone viridis in semi-arid Kalahari thornveld. Mirafra18(1): 8-10.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Honey Buzzards Pernis apivoris in the Free State: summer 2000/2001. Mirafra18(1): 16-18.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Bennett's Woodpecker Campethera bennettii at Sandveld Nature Reserve, Hoopstad District, Free State. Mirafra 18:27-28.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Sightings of interest: Free State & Northern Cape regions. Mirafra 18: 34-36.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Sightings of interest: Free State region. Mirafra 19: 8-11.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Ring wear in Sociable Weavers Philetairus sociusAfring News 30(2):64-65.

Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ringing in Bloemfontein, South Africa. Safring News29: 20-24.

Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Further records of European Starlings Sturnus vulgaris in the Bloemfontein district. Mirafra 17(4): 50-52.

Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Vocal mimicry in individual Thick-billed Lark Galerida magnirostris and Yellow-bellied Eremomela Eremomela icteropygialisMirafra 17(4):56-57.

Nuttall, R.J. 2000. European Swallow roosts in the Memel district, Free State, South Africa. Mirafra17(4):57-58.

De Swardt, D.H. 1999. Unusual waterfowl mortalities on a pan near Soutpan, Brandfort district. Mirafra 16: 21-23.

De Swardt, D.H. 1999. Notes on the behaviour of the Sickle-winged Chat Cercomela sinuata in the Free State. Mirafra 16: 38-39.

De Swardt, D. H. & Harebottle, D. 1999. Birds in Reserves Project (BIRP) in the Free State. Mirafra 16: 25-27.

Kopij, G., Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1999. Diet of Namaqua Sandgrouse Pterocles namaquaand the Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis in South Africa. Mirafra 16: 36-38.

De Swardt, D.H. 1998. Interesting observations at Soetdoring Nature Reserve, Bloemfontein district. Mirafra 15: 29-30.

De Swardt, D.H. 1998. Bird ringing at Kirklington, Ficksburg. Mirafra 15: 39-41.

De Swardt, D.H. 1998. Rooiborssuikervoëls in Lydenburg. Escarpment Bird Club Newsletter 4: 4.

Kopij, G. & De Swardt, D.H. 1998. An annotated checklist of the birds of Franklin Nature Reserve, Bloemfontein. Mirafra 15: 21-27.

Nuttall, R.J. 1998. Notes on flocking, feeding and breeding activity of Wattled Starlings at Sandveld Nature Reserve. Mirafra 15: 31-32.

Nuttall, R.J. 1998. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 15: 32-33.

Nuttall, R.J. 1998. European Swallows roosting in suburban Bloemfontein. Mirafra 15: 37-38.

Nuttall, R.J. 1998. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 15: 45-46.

De Swardt, D.H. 1997. Dié voëls is mal oor proteas. Custos September: 14-15.

De Swardt, D.H., Nuttall, R.J. & Botha, A.J. 1997. Report on ringing training workshop held at Qwa Qwa National Park, eastern Free State. Mirafra 14: 2–5.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 14(1&2): 21-26.

De Swardt, D.H. 1996. Notes on the breeding of Greybacked Finchlark Eremopterix verticalisMirafra13: 10-11.

De Swardt, D.H. 1996. Jameson's Firefinch Lagonosticta rhodopareia along the Vaal River, Free State Province. Mirafra 13: 67-68.

Kopij, G. & Nuttall, R.J. 1996. Mixed heronries at Sandveld Nature Reserve. Mirafra 13: 11-19.

Nuttall, R. 1996. Pretty Polly, Pretty Polly. Culna 51: 9-10.

Nuttall, R.J. 1996. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 13: 20-24.

Nuttall, R.J. 1996. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 13: 71-78.

Allan, D. & Nuttall, R. 1995. South Africa - the rainbow country. World Birdwatch 17(1): 10-13.

De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Rare birds of the Free State. Mirafra 12: 6-7.

De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Some observations of birds responding to rain in the Karoo. Mirafra 12: 11.

De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Ten years of sugarbirds in Lydenburg. The Hornbill 41: 32-33.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 12: 12-15.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. Daily movements of Ruffs Philomachus pugnax at Sandveld Nature Reserve, Free State Province, South Africa. Mirafra 12(3&4): 6-8.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. Large numbers of waterfowl at Bloemhof Dam, Sandveld Nature Reserve, Free State Province. Mirafra 12(3&4): 11-12.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. Sightings of interest: Free State region. Mirafra 12(3&4): 14-18.

Nuttall, R. 1995. SAOS conservation update. Birding in SA 47: 105.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. BirdLife International. Birding in SA 47: 46-47.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. World Birdwatch '95: Report on OFS Ornithological Society activities. Mirafra12(3&4): 22-23.

Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Project Transformation and the future of the SAOS. Mirafra 12: 1-2.

Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1995. "Woodpeckers" invade barbet's home. African Wildlife 49(5): 43-45.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Bergkoesters in die Lesotho Hooglande en omliggende gebiede. Culna 47: 35-36.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Protea subvestita at Qwaqwa National Park. Protea Atlas Newsletter 23: 5.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Gurney's Sugarbird observations in the Lowveld. The Hornbill 39: 6.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Redbilled Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus purpureus at Maselspoort, Bloemfontein, Orange Free State. Mirafra 11: 51-52.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Observations from bird counts in three habitats in the southern OFS. Mirafra11: 52-55.

Nuttall, R.J. 1994. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 11: 17-21.

Nuttall, R.J. 1994. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 11: 32-33.

Nuttall, R.J. 1994. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 11: 67-68.

Nuttall, R. 1994. The Quail Finch: now you see it, now you don't. Culna 46: 17-19.

Nuttall, R. 1994. 21st BirdLife International World Conference. Birding in SA 46(4): 115-116.

De Swardt, D.H. 1993. The status of Gurney's Sugarbird in the eastern Orange Free State. Mirafra 10: 2-3.

De Swardt, D.H. 1993. European Sedge Warblers at Loch Athlone Bird Sanctuary, Bethlehem. Mirafra10: 20.

De Swardt, D.H. 1993. Laughing Doves Streptopelia senegalensis breeding on leaf blades of Aloe spectabilisMirafra 10: 50-51.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Birding Big Day 1994 - wedervaringe van die "Modderbeaters" op 'n warm dag! Mirafra 11: 64-66.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Birds in Reserves Project (BIRP). Mirafra 11: 75-76.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Vocal imitation of a Sabota Lark Mirafra sabota, with comments on some other species. Mirafra 10: 28-33.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Waterbirds: something to CWAC about. Mirafra 10: 58-59.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. The Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni in the Orange Free State and Lesotho: 1991-1993. Mirafra 10: 39-45.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 10: 56-57.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Whitefaced Owl Otus leucotis at Sandveld Nature Reserve, Orange Free State. Mirafra 10: 66-67.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Notes on birds breeding at Sandveld Nature Reserve, Orange Free State. Mirafra10: 68-70.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Observations at a small pan near Bultfontein, Orange Free State. Mirafra 10: 71-72.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 10: 72-74.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 10: 8-9.

Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1993. Temminck's Courser Cursorius temminckii breeding near Jagersfontein, Orange Free State. Mirafra 10: 57-58.

Nuttall, R.J., Fairman, S., Segeren, P. & Segeren, S. 1993. Baillon's Crake Porzona pusilla in the eastern and southern Orange Free State. Mirafra 10: 51-52.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. 'n Ongewone Rooiborssuikervoël-nes. The Hornbill 28: 21-22.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Birds at Stentor Estates, Kaapmuiden. The Hornbill 28: 31-32.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Birds of the Natal Botanical Gardens. NMBC Newsletter 5: 5.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Greenbacked Herons in the Orange Free State. Mirafra 9: 3-4.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Olive Sunbird breeding at the Natal Botanical Gardens. Albatross 312: 17-18.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Streepkopkanaries "steel" nektar van Aloe maculataMirafra 9: 10.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Bird ringing at the Oliewenhuis Gardens - an ongoing programme. Mirafra 9: 6-8.

De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Recent sightings - OFS Atlas region. Mirafra 9: 46-47.

De Swardt, D.H., Schoeman, S. & Linströhm, A. 1992. New sightings for the Lydenburg area. The Hornbill 30: 26-27.

De Swardt, D.H., Van Niekerk, J. & Kotze, A. 1992. Grey Hornbills in the central-western OFS. Mirafra 9: 41-42.

De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 1992. SA Bird Atlas Project. Mirafra 9: 11-12.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. The Lesser Kestrel: an endangered species. Mirafra 9: 50-53.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Bird ringing in southern Africa and the UK: a comparison. Mirafra 9: 61-62.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Birding Big Day 1992. Mirafra 9: 69-70.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Further Grey Hornbill Tockus nasutus sightings: central OFS. Mirafra 9: 44.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Some observations of Fawncoloured Lark Mirafra africanoides behaviour. Mirafra 9: 63-64.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 9: 68.

Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Recent sightings - OFS Atlas region. Mirafra 9: 13.

Sanderson-Smith, I. & Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Birds, powder down and windows. Mirafra 9: 13-15.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Palecrowned Cisticola here! Mirafra 8: 25.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Barred Warbler now in the south. Mirafra 8: 26-27.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Die habitat-voorkeure van Roodeplaatdam Natuurreservaat se voëls. Laniarius45: 16-18.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Notes on the status of the Karoo Lark in the southwestern Orange Free State. Mirafra 8: 52.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Jangroentjies in Bloemfontein. Culna 41: 13.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Malachite Sunbirds - a request for information. Mirafra 8: 65-66.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Ongewone waarnemings - OVS-atlasstreek. Mirafra 8: 67.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Regional Reports/Streeksverslae - Orange Free State. SABAP News 11: 1.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Regional Reports/Streeksverslae - Orange Free State. SABAP News 12: 6.

De Swardt, D.H. & Bothma, N. 1991. Notes on the nest of Gurney's Sugarbird in the eastern Transvaal. Birding in SA 43: 2-3.

De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 1991. Some new bird distribution records for the southwestern Orange Free State. Mirafra 8: 66-67.

De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 1991. African Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus baeticatus recaptured in Botswana. Mirafra 16:1.

Nuttall, R.J. 1991. Birding Big Day 1991 - the tale of three travellers. Mirafra 8: 62-65.

Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Lilacbreasted Rollers Coracias caudata in the central and southwestern OFS. Mirafra 8: 45.

Schoeman, S. & De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Spotted Crake in Lydenburg. Laniarius 43: 8.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. A partial albino Buffy Pipit. Mirafra 7: 69-70.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Project Report Back: Three years of ringing Gurney's Sugarbirds. Laniarius 39: 26-28.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Spikeheeled Lark breeding at Soetdoring Nature Reserve. Mirafra 7: 107-108.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Redheaded Finch breeding in South African Cliff Swallow nest. Mirafra 7: 108-109.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Notes on the nests of Wailing Cisticola and Spotted Prinia - and other new records. The Hornbill 22: 32-33.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. A new non-slip net attachment and lifting apparatus for erecting mist nets. Safring News 19: 45-47.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Bontrokkie val 'n laksman ten prooi. Mirafra 7: 49.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Is suikervoëls en suikerbekkies verwant? Culna 38: 13-14.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Nesrekordkaarte. Mirafra 7: 74-76.

De Swardt, D.H. & Schoeman, S. 1990. Voëlberinging is nie altyd saai nie! The Hornbill 22: 18-19.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. A possible range expansion of the Karoo Chat? Mirafra 6: 43-44.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Observations on a nest of a Secretarybird. Mirafra 6: 112-113.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Streakyheaded Canary breeding at Roodeplaat-dam Nature Reserve - a new record. Laniarius 36: 18.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Ongewone snaweldeformasie by 'n Rooiborsduif. Mirafra 6: 11.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. A Wailing Cisticola caught by a Fiscal Shrike. Mirafra 6: 45.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Anteating Chats at Lydenburg. The Hornbill 16: 19.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Letters to the Editor - Corncrakes. The Hornbill 17: 4.

De Swardt, D.H. & Coetzee, J.J. 1989. Observations of Lesser Flamingoes at Roodeplaat Dam Nature Reserve. Laniarius 37: 10-11.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1989. Hoe om 'n parasiet te wees. Deel 2. Mirafra 6: 24-26.

De Swardt, D.H. 1988. A non-slip device for securing guylines to net poles. Safring News 17: 23.

De Swardt, D.H. 1988. Where to bird from Johannesburg - Roodeplaat-dam Nature Reserve. WBC Newssheet 143: 3-4.

De Swardt, D.H. 1988. Breeding of the Redknobbed Coot at Roodeplaat-dam Nature Reserve. Laniarius 34: 14.

De Swardt, D.H. 1988. Unusual mortalities of the South African Cliff Swallow. Mirafra 5: 4.

Earlé, R.A. 1988. Swartnekdobbertjies. Mirafra 5: 36.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. Naguiltjies in my tuin. Mirafra 5: 3.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. Voëls van eenderse vere? Mirafra 5: 46-47.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. Hoe om 'n parasiet te wees - deel 1. Mirafra 5: 73-74.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Brooke, R.K. 1988. South African Cliff Swallows overwintering near Bloemfontein. Mirafra 5: 53.

Herholdt, J.J. & Earlé, R.A. 1988. Swift predation by the Barn Owl in Bloemfontein. Mirafra 5: 10.

Du Toit, H. 1987. Spioenasiemetodes oopgevlek. Museum Nuus No. 32.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Swaels voed om neonlig. Mirafra 4: 74.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Slange, swaeltjies en ander staaltjies. Museum Nuus No. 32.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Swaeltjies. SABAP News 2: 3-4.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Birds ringed in Pellissier and Fichardtpark suburbs, Bloemfontein during June 1986 to June 1987. Mirafra 4: 88-90.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Aspects of the breeding biology and social behaviour of the Horus Swift Apus horusMirafra 4: 28-32.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Some notes on the behaviour of the Ludwig's Bustard Neotis ludwigii in the Orange Free State and northern Cape. Mirafra 4: 34-35.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Field notes on the identification of the Botha's Lark, Pinkbilled Lark and Rudd's Lark in the O.F.S., with notes on their habitat. Mirafra 4: 61-62.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Some notes on the general behaviour of the Anteating Chat. Mirafra 4: 63-66.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Observations on the incubation and nestling period of the Pied Starling Spreo bicolor, with notes on nestling growth. Mirafra 4: 75-77.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Bird collecting in the south-western OFS. Mirafra 4: 63.

Herholdt, J.J. & Earlé, R.A. 1987. The occurrence of the Crested Barbet, Steelblue Widowfinch and Whitefronted Bee-eaters in the OFS: a possible range extension? Mirafra 4: 51-59.

Earlé, R.A. 1986. Does intraspecific brood parasitism occur in the Cape Sparrow? Bokmakierie 38: 70.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Gedrag van Gevlekte Ooruile by die nes. Mirafra 3: 5.

Earlé, R.A. 1986. Anteating Chat breeding in a suburb. Mirafra 3: 44.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Reproductive output of an urban pair of Cape Wagtails. Mirafra 3: 44-46.

Herholdt, J.J. 1986. South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spilodera feeding in association with other birds. Bokmakierie 38: 122.

Earlé, R.A. (ed.) 1986. Where to watch birds in the Orange Free State. Bloemfontein: OFS Ornithological Society.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Differences between swallows and swifts. Custos 14(11): 34.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Mossie en mens. Museum Nuus No. 31.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Du Toit, H. 1985. Die Oranje Vrystaat Voëlatlas. Bokmakierie 37: 127-128.

Earlé, R.A. & Du Toit, H. 1985. Lanner Falcon eating Cattle Egret. Mirafra 3: 5.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1985. Die OVS Voëlatlas Projek. Mirafra 2(2): 6-7.

Collections

The Ornithology Collection consists of two parts: skins, skeletons and stomach contents, and ectoparasites.

Ectoparasites

There are currently 911 avian ecto paraites in the collection which consists of louse flies (Hippobiscid flies), fearher louse, mites, feather mites, ticks and fleas. "Other" includes tapeworms from birds and also parasite pupa.

  • Accipitridae

    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Aquilapomarina

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

     Aquila rapax

    1

    2

     

     

     

     

     

    Buteo rufofuscus

    1

     

     

     

     

     

    Buteo buteo

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Elanus caeruleus

    1

     

     

    1

     

     

     

    Gyps africanus

    2

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Melierax canorus

     

    3

     

     

     

     

     

    Micronisus gabar

     

    2

     

     

     

     

     

    Milvus migrans

    19

     

     

     

     

    1

     

    Polemeatus bellicosus

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Torgos tracheliotus

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • Alaudidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Calandrella cinerea   224 
    Calendulauda africanoides    10  
    Calendulauda sabota   11  
    Certhilauda semitorquata1   3  
    Chersomanes albofasciata    5  
    Galerida magnirostris    4  
    Mirafra africana2 1 5  
    Mirafra fasciolata    5  
  • Alcedinidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Alcedo semitorquata2      
  • Anatidae

    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Alopochen aegyptiaca

     

     

     

     2

     

     

     

    Anas smithii

     

     

     

    1

     

     

     

  • Apodidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Apus affinis13 1  1
    Apus barbatus 1 1121
    Apus caffer1      
    Tachymarptis melba101 6   
    Neafrapus boehmi1     1
    Telecanthura ussheri1      
  • Ardeidae

    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Bubulcus ibis

    2

    1

     

     

    2

     

     

    Egretta intermedia

     

     

     

    1

     

     

     

  • Bucerotidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Tockus leucomelas    1  
  • Bucorvidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Bucorvus leadbeateri1   1  
  • Caprimulgidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Caprimulgus europaeus 1     
    Caprimulgus fossii 1  1  
    Caprimulgus pectoralis 2     
  • Charadriidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Charadrius tricollaris     1 
    Vanellus albiceps21  111
    Vanellus armatus1    1 
  • Cisticolidae

    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Camaroptera brachyura

     

     

     

     

     

    2

     

    Cisticola aberrans

     

     

     

     

     

    1

     

    Cisticola aridula

    2

     

     

     

     

    2

     

    Cisticola ayresii

     

     

     

     

     

    2

     

    Cisticola chiniana

    2

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Cisticola fulvicapilla

    2

     

    1

     

    19

     

     

    Cisticola juncidis

     

     

     

     

     

    3

     

    Cisticola subruficapilla

     

     

     

     

    12

     

     

    Cisticola textrix

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Cisticola tinniens

    1

     

     

     

    6

     

     

    Euryptila subcinnamomea

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Malcorus pectoralis

     

     

     

     

    1

    2

     

    Prinia flavicans

    8

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Prinia hypoxantha

    4

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Prinia maculosa

    2

     

     

    3

    3

     

     

    Prinia subflava

    1

     

     

     

     

    1

     

  • Coliidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Colius colius1      
    Urocolius indicus 1     
  • Columbidae

    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Columba guinea

    1

    2

     

     

    3

     

     

    Columba livia

    1

    3

     

     

     

     

     

    Streptopelia capicola

    1

    3

     

     

    1

     

     

    Streptopelia semitorquata

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Streptopelia senegalensis

     

    3

     

     

     

     

     

    Turtur tymanistra

     

     

     

     

    1

     

     

  • Coraciidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Coracias caudata 1     
  • Cuculidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Chrysococcyx caprius1      
  • Dacelonidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Halcyon albiventris2      
  • Dendrocygnidae

    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Dendrocygna viduata

     

     

     

    1

     

     

     

    Thalassornis leuconotis

    2

     

     

    3

     

     

     

  • Dicruridae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Dicrurus adsimilis    1  
  • Estrildidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Granatina granatina11  111
    Lagonosticta rhodopareia     2 
    Lagonosticta senegala 1   1 
    Ortygospiza atricollis     1 
    Pytilia melba1 1 14 
    Uraeginthus angolensis11  21 
  • Falconidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Falco biarmicus2      
    Falco chiquera 1     
    Falco naumanni3      
    Falco rupicoloides51     
    Falco tinnunculus1      
  • Fringillidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Crithagra albogularis    3  
    Crithagra atrogularis    10  
    Crithagra flaviventris    13 
    Crithagra gularis    23 
    Emberiza capensis   1 1 
    Emberiza flaviventris3      
    Emberiza impetuani1 1     
    Emberiza tahapisi     1 
    Serinus alario    1  
    Serinus canicollis     1 
  • Hirundinidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Hirundo abyssinica 1   1 
    Hirundo albigularis 1     
    Hirundo cucullata 2 1 8 
    Hirundo dimidiata     1 
    Hirundo fuligula 1     
    Hirundo rustica 2   2 
    Hirundo semirufa     3 
    Hirundo smithii     1 
    Hirundo spilodera132823424316
    Psalidoprocne holomelas 1     
    Riparia cincta     1 
    Riparia paludicola24  1172
  • Indicatoridae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Indicator minor1     1
  • Laniidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Corvinella melanoleuca    1  
    Lanius collaris7  1  
  • Lybiidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Lybius torquatus1      
    Trachyphonus vaillantii1   1  
    Tricholaema leucomelas8    1 
  • Malaconotidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Apalis thoracica     1 
    Batis pririt6   1  
    Dryoscopus cubla    2  
    Laniarius atrococcineus3 12 10 
    Nilaus afer    1  
    Platysteira peltata     1 
    Tchagra australis7   18  
    Telophorus zeylonus    4  
  • Meropidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Merops bullockoides1      
  • Motacillidae

    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Anthus cinnamomeus

     

     

     

     

    3

     

     

    Anthus crenatus

     

     

     

     

    12

     

     

    Anthus leucophrys

     

     

     

     

    2

     

     

    Anthus similis

     

     

     

     

    5

     

     

    Macronyx capensis

     

     

     

     

    4

    2

     

    Motacilla capensis

     

     

     

     

    2

    1

    1

  • Muscicapidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Bradornis mariquensis    4  
    Bradornis pammelaina    1  
    Cercomela familiaris    61 
    Cercomela schlegii    1  
    Cercomela sinuata    91 
    Cercotrichas coryphoeus1   10  
    Cercotrichas paena2      
    Cossypha caffra    84 
    Cossypha heuglini     1 
    Cossypha dichroa    1  
    Monticola brevipes   11  
    Monticola rupestris    3  
    Oenanthe monticola    10  
    Saxicola torquatus    6  
    Sigelus silens    3  
    Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris    1  
    Turdus smithi    74 
  • Nectariniidae

    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Chalcomitra amethystina

     

     

     

     

     

    1

     

    Cinnyris afer

     

     

     

     

    1

    3

     

    Cinnyris talatala

     

     

     

     

    1

    1

     

    Nectarinia famosa

    1

     

     

     

    5

    14

    2

  • Numididae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Numida meleagris1      
  • Other families

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Gallus domesticus1      
    Gallus gallus  1    
  • Otidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Afrotis afraoides 2     
    Neotis ludwigii   3   
  • Paridae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Anthoscopus minutus 1     
    Parus afer    1  
    Parus cinerascens1   9  
  • Passeridae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Passer diffusus     2 
    Passer melanurus32     
    Petronia superciliaris    12 
  • Phalacrocoracidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Anhinga rufa   3   
    Phalacrocoax africanus1   1   
  • Phasianidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Coturnix coturnix      1
    Pternistis natalensis    1  
    Scleroptila africanus1      
    Scleroptila levaillantoides1      
  • Phoenicopteridae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Phoenicaias minor1      
  • Picidae

    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Geocolaptes olivaceus

    3

     

    1

    1

     

     

     

    Jynx ruficollis

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • Ploceidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Euplectes afer    1  
    Euplectes capensis1      
    Euplectes orix    3  
    Euplectes progne     1 
    Philetairus socius31 1 1 
    Plocepasser mahali2   1  
    Ploceus capensis    1  
    Ploceus velatus   131 
    Quelea quelea    2  
    Sporopipes squamifrons     32
  • Promeropidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Promerops gurneyi21  626 
  • Pteroclidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Pterocles namaqua      1
  • Pycnonotidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Lioptilus nigricapillus     1 
    Phyllastrephus terrestris 1     
    Pycnonotus nigricans   112 
    Pycnonotus tricolor2    1 
  • Rhinopomastidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Rhinopomastus cyanomelas3      
  • Sagittariidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Sagittarius serpentarius1      
  • Strigidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Bubo lacteus1   1  
  • Sturnidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Creatophora cinerea 1  12 
    Lamprotornis australis    1  
    Lamprotornis nitens2    1 
    Onychognathus morio1  111 
    Spreo bicolor4    1 
  • Sylviidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Acrocephalus baeticatus1      
    Acrocephalus palustris     1 
    Eremomela gregalis3      
    Eremomela icteropygialis1   1  
    Parisoma layardi   131 
    Parisoma subcaeruleum     12 
    Stenostira scita    1  
    Sylvia comminus    1  
    Sylvietta rufescens    1  
  • Threskiornthidae

    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Platalea alba

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     
    Bostrychia hagedash

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     
    Threskiornis aethiopicus

     

     

     

    1

     

     

     
  • Tytonidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Tyto alba1      
  • Upupidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Upupa africana2      
  • Viduidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Vidua chalybeata    1  
  • Zosteropidae

    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Zosterops pallidus1   1   

Skins, skeletons, stomach contents and tissue samples

The avian collection consists of 2762 skeletal specimens, 5011 skin specimens, 2591 avian stomach contents, and 1954 avian tissue samples.

Family Struthionidae                                           

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Struthio camelus2   

Family Phasianidae                                                                       

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Coturnix coturnix5832
Coturnix delegorguei1   
Dendroperdix sephaena1   
Peliperdix coqui2   
Pternistis adspersus2   
Pternistis natalensis1 11
Pternistis swainsonii2532
Scleroptila africanus13  
Scleroptila levaillantoides7101 

Family Numididae                                                                                                  

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Numida meleagris12612

 Family Dendrocygnidae                                                                                                  

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Dendrocygna bicolor3   
Dendrocygna viduata2124
Thalassornis leuconotus2211

 Family Anatidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Alopochen aegyptiaca6339
Anas erythrorhyncha282 5
Spatula hottentota 1  
Anas smithii10 12
Anas undulata114612
Netta erythrophthalma3255
Plectropterus gambensis11 1
Tadorna cana16322
Oxyura maccoa 1 1

 Family Turnicidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Turnix sylvaticus2464

 Family Indicatoridae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Indicator indicator2865
Indicator minor21399
Prodotiscus regulus 21 

 Family Picidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Campethera abingoni3434
Dendropicos fuscescens210513
Dendropicos griseocephalus22  
Dendropicos namaquus   1
Geocolaptes olivaceus523112
Jynx ruficollis 1077

 Family Lybiidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Lybius torquatus614106
Trachyphonus vaillantii8151013
Pogoniulus pussilus   2
Tricholaema leucomelas20331128

 Family Bucerotidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Tockus erythrorhynchus1   
Tockus leucomelas10731

 Family Upupidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Upupa africana8773

Family Phoeniculidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Phoeniculus purpureus 774

Family Rhinopomastidae                                                                                                

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Rhinopomastus cyanomelas8231816

 Family Trogonidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Apaloderma narina 1  

 Family Coraciidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Coracais caudatus101021
Coracias garrulus11 2

 Family Alcedinidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Alcedo cristata51427
Alcedo semitorquata12 1

 Family Dacelonidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Halcyon albiventris4925
Halcyon leucocephala 1  
Ispidina picta11  
Megaceryle maximus23 1

 Family Cerylidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Ceryle rudis1   

 Family Meropidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Merops apiaster9523
Merops bullockoides18181510
Merops hirundineus213107
Merops persicus57  
Merops pusillus4111

 Family Coliidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Colius colius22401812
Colius striatus1037157
Urocolius indicus18301113

 Family Cuculidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Chrysococcyx caprius521106
Chrysococcyx klaas 11 
Clamator glandarius 1  
Clamator jacobinus1243
Cuculus gularis 212
Cuculus canorus11  
Cuculus solitarius141 

 Family Centropodidae                                                                                                    

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLE
Centropus burchellii111 

 Family Psittacidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Agapornis roseicollis 2  
Psittacula krameri 212
Agapornis fischeri1   

 Family Apodidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Apus affinis292653
Apus apus72622 
Apus barbatus2611
Apus caffer91144
Apus horus133  
Cypsiurus parvus 1  
Neafrapus boehmi1   
Tachymarptis melba106 1

 Family Musophagidae                                                                                                   

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Corythaixoides concolor11  
Tauraco corythaix5   

 Family Tytonidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Tyto alba188 1
Tyto capensis21  

 Family Strigidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Asio capensis511  
Bubo africanus371562
Bubo capensis321 
Bubo lacteus 1  
Otis senegalensis 1  

 Family Caprimulgidae                                                                                                   

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Caprimulgus europaeus6221
Caprimulgus pectoralis 1  
Caprimulgus fossii3   
Caprimulgus rufigena1412137
Caprimulgus tristigma20  

 Family Columbidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Alopelia larvata 112
Columba arquatrix3 11
Columba guinea3117145
Columba livia351 
Oena capensis17291313
Streptopelia capicola51635
Streptopelia semitorquata7612
Streptopelia senegalensis382578
Treron calvus1   
Turtur chalcospilos2  2
Turtur tympanistria1344

 Family Otidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Afrotis afra1   
Afrotis afraoides171821
Ardeotis kori2   
Eupodotis caerulescens5111
Eupodotis melanogaster 1  
Eupodotis vigorsii1   
Lissotis ruficrista2  1
Neotis ludwigii62  

 Family Gruidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Balearica regulorum 1  
Anthropoides paradiseus2   

 Family Rallidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Amaurornis flavirostris11  
Crex crex13  
Fulica cristata113  
Gallinula chloropus44  
Paragallinila angulata 1 1
Porphyrio madagascariensis13  
Sarothrura elegans512 

 Family Pteroclidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Pterocles bicinctus2   
Pterocles burchelli 1  
Pterocles namaqua17131 

 Family Scolopacidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Actitis hypoleucos3   
Calidris ferruginea81  
Calidris minuta72  
Calidris pugnax83  
Tringa glareola43  
Tringa nebularia1 11
Tringa stagnatilis4   

 Family Rostratulidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Rostratula benghalensis 1  

 Family Burhinidae                                                                                                       

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Burhinus capensis8732

 Family Haematopodidae                                                                                                

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Haematopus moquini1   

Family Recurvirostridae                                                                                               

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Himantopus himantopus113  
Recurvirostra avosetta73  

 Family Charadriidae                                                                                                       

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Charadrius hiaticula1   
Charadrius pecuarius4733
Charadrius tricollaris41152
Vanellus armatus117  
Vanellus coronatus7722
Vanellus senegallus 1  

 Family Glareolidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Cursorius rufus3   
Cursorius temminckii11  
Glareola nordmanni73 1
Rhinoptilus africanus7842

 Family Laridae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Chlidonias leucopterus910  
Chlidonias hybrida 11 
Larus cirrocephalus63  
Larus dominicanus1   
Larus hartlaubii1   
Larus sabini1   
Sterna caspia 1  
Sterna bergii1   
Sterna dougallii1   
Sterna hirundo 1  

 Family Accipitridae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Accipiter badius21  
Accipiter rufiventris 2 1
Accipiter minullus 1 1
Accipiter tachiro 1  
Accipiter melanoleucus 1 1
Aquila verreauxii62  
Aquila pomarina 1  
Aquila rapax1512
Aquila spilogaster 1  
Terathopius ecadatus 1  
Buteo rufofuscus3963
Buteo vulpinus812 2
Circus maurus 1  
Circaetus cinereus4   
Elanus caeruleus14921
Gypaetus barbatus 1  
Gyps africanus22  
Gyps coprotheres133  
Melierax canorus5211
Milvus migrans11  
Micronisus gabar 111
Polemaetus bellicosus13  
Polyboroides typus 2  

 Family Sagittariidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Sagittarius serpentarius81  

 Family Falconidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Falco amurensis2753
Falco biarmicus45  
Falco naumanni525822
Falco rupicoloides4 1 
Falco rupicolus22 1
Falco subbuteo 1  
Falco vespertinus1 11
Polihierax semitorquatus33  

 Family Podicipedidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Podiceps nigricollis13  
Tachybaptus ruficollis3611

 Family Sulidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Morus capensis1   

 Family Anhingidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Anhinga rufa11 1

 Family Phalacrocoracidae                                                                                             

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Microcarbo africanus47 3
Phalacrocorax capensis1   
Phalacrocorax lucidus11  

 Family Ardeidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Ardea cinerea511 
Ardea goliath12  
Ardea melanocephala25  
Ardea purpurea 1  
Ardeola ralloides13  
Bubulcus ibis9122 
Egretta ardesiaca1   
Egretta garzetta32  
Egretta intermedia54 1
Ixobrychus minutus 1  
Nycticorax nycticorax 4  

 Family Scopidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Scopus umbretta2122

 Family Phoenicopteridae                                                                                         

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Phoenicopterus minor62  
Phoenicopterus roseus54  

 Family Threskiornthidae                                                                                               

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Bostrychia hagedash3634
Geronticus calvus31  
Platalea alba31  
Plegadis falcinellus22  
Threskiornis aethiopicus44 1

 Family Pelecanidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Pelecanus onocrotalus 1  

 Family Ciconiidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Ciconia abdimii31  
Ciconia ciconia921 

 Family Spheniscidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Spheniscus demersus1   

 Family Procellariidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Pachyptila desolata1   
Procellaria aequinoctiales1   
Puffinus griseus1   

 Family Oriolidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Oriolus oriolus 1  
Oriolus larvatus1   

 Family Dicruridae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Dicrurus adsimilis7191221

 Family Monarchidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Terpsiphone viridis4656

 Family Malaconotidae                                                                                                     

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Batis capensis3929
Batis molitor210810
Batis pririt18655129
Chlorophoneus olivaceus   2
Chlorophoneus sulfureopectus   1
Dryoscopus cubla11 4
Laniarius atrococcineus8211111
Laniarius ferrugineus15718
Nilaus afer5191710
Malaconotus blanchoti   1
Tchagra australis7352926
Tchagra tchagra   2
Telophorus olivaceus2   
Telophorus zeylonus11291710
Prionops plumatus1111

Family Corvidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Corvus albicollis2   
Corvus albus221 
Corvus capensis3   

 Family Laniidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Urolestes melanoleuca819117
Lanius collaris2838411
Lanius collurio3752
Lanius minor3312

 Family Chaetopidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Chaetops aurantius 1  
Chaetops frenatus 1  

 Family Paridae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Melaniparus afer5941
Melaniparus cinerascens11473432
Melaniparus niger12  
Anthoscopus minutus3432114

 Family Hirundinidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Delichon urbicum94  
Hirundo abyssinica3   
Hirundo albigularis4122
Cercopis cucullata92473
Hirundo dimidiata4557
Hirundo fuligula171 
Hirundo rustica3930362
Cercopis semirufa6722
Petrochelidon spilodera50102 
Psalidoprocne holomelaena2   
Riparia cincta2852
Riparia paludicola1151 

 Family Pycnonotidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Andropadus importunus21113
Chlorocichla flaviventris2  8
Phyllastrephus flavostriatus2   
Phyllastrephus terrestris1  8
Pycnonotus capensis 2  
Pycnonotus nigricans4627931
Pycnonotus tricolor9241531

 Family Sylviidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Lioptilus nigricapillus 11 
Acrocephalus arundinaceus121 
Acrocephalus baeticatus61262
Acrocephalus gracillirostris421 
Acrocephalus palustris 1  
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus121 
Bradypterus barratti 132
Eremomela icteropygialis12382714
Eremomela gregalis1   
Hippolais icterina   3
Lioptilus nigricapillus   1
Sylvia layardi20594323
Sylvia subcaeruleum32735633
Phylloscopus trochilus31489
Phylloscopus ruficapilla 1  
Sphenoeacus afer 441
Sylvia communis12 1
Sylvietta rufescens9251917
Stenostira scita10363316
Turdoides jardineii   1

Family Zosteropidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Zosterops pallidus351772640
Zosterops virens111614459

 Family Cisticolidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Apalis flavida1  2
Apalis thoracica4  4
Apalis ruddi 1  
Calamonastes fasciolatus41076
Camaroptera brachyura1  5
Cisticola aberrans 111
Cisticola aridula2221612
Cisticola ayresii 85 
Cisticola chiniana 10810
Cisticola rufilatus 11 
Cisticola fulvicapilla17564031
Cisticola cinnamomeus 51 
Cisticola juncidis2744
Cisticola lais8301911
Cisticola subruficapilla15734114
Cisticola textrix316137
Cisticola tinniens102062
Malcorus pectoralis13462811
Phragmacia substriata3931
Prinia flavicans13685528
Prinia hypoxantha227233
Prinia maculosa10724611
Prinia subflava 322

 Family Alaudidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Calandrella cinerea1741162
Calendulauda africanoides1136167
Calendulauda sabota17793722
Calendulauda albescens 111
Certhilauda brevirostris1   
Certhilauda semitorquata31281
Certhilauda subcoronata 1  
Chersomanes albofasciata17641914
Eremopterix australis 1  
Eremopterix leucotis41311
Eremopterix verticalis182572
Galerida magnirostris822104
Heteromirafra ruddi 2  
Mirafra africana81472
Mirafra cheniana928  
Mirafra fasciolata7503215
Mirafra passerina 1 1
Spizocorys conirostris72171
Spizocorys fringillaris38  
Spizocorys starki24  

 Family Muscicapidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Bradornis pallidus   1
Bradornis pammelaina1   
Cercomela familiaris10533823
Cercotrichas coryphoeus17935027
Cercotrichas leucophrys 1 8
Cercotrichas paena13846743
Cercotrichas signata   2
Cossypha caffra19512339
Cossypha dichroa1213
Cossypha humeralis1   
Cossypha natalensis 2 2
Emarginata schlegelii 2  
Emarginata sinuata846185
Emarginata tractrac 111
Melaenornis infuscatus61175
Melaenornis mariquensis7241513
Melaenornis silens21342528
Monticola brevipes31097
Monticola explorator12  
Monticola rupestris11674
Muscicapa adusta   2
Muscicapa striata31379
Myrmecocichla formicivora27351310
Oenanthe bifasciata 1674
Oenanthe monticola724136
Oenanthe pileata381 
Pogonocichla stellata1   
Psophocichla litsitsirupa463 
Saxicola torquatus9392412
Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris11073
Turdus libonyanus11 1
Turdus olivaceus13110
Turdus smithi262729
Zootera gurneyi2   

 Family Sturnidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Acridotheres tristis64  
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster11 1
Creatophora cinerea212575
Lamprotornis australis1   
Lamprotornis bicolor181545
Lamprotornis chalybaeus1 1 
Lamprotornis nitens131598
Notopholia corruscus 1 1
Onychognathus morio 41742
Onychognathus nabouroup31  
Sturnus vulgaris781 

Family Nectariniidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Chalcomitra amethystina23 7
Cinnyris afer 1 5
Cinnyris chalybeus 2 3
Cinnyris fuscus2611
Cinnyris talatala3925
Cyanomitra olivacea 5 3
Cyanomitra veroxii   2
Hedydipna collaris1  3
Nectarinia famosa3481113

 Family Promeropidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Promerops cafer151 
Promerops gurneyi6141 

 Family Ploceidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Anaplectes rubriceps1  1
Bubalornis niger111 
Euplectes afer1024205
Euplectes ardens 572
Euplectes albonotatus1135
Euplectes axillaris478 
Euplectes capensis 6106
Euplectes orix3736337
Euplectes progne919273
Philetairus socius53325412
Plocepasser mahali21383315
Ploceus bicolor   2
Ploceus capensis1014163
Ploceus intermedius3 3 
Ploceus ocularis5 14
Ploceus subaureus11 2
Ploceus velatus69593435
Ploceus xanthops1 1 
Quelea quelea3335318
Sporopipes squamifrons21302521

 Family Estrildidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Amadina erythrocephala201263
Estrilda astrild22584
Estrilda erythronotos81031
Coccopygia melanotis221 
Granatina granatina720106
Lagonosticta rhodopareia3849
Lagonosticta rubricata22 1
Lagonosticta senegala201768
Mandingoa nitidula2   
Ortygospiza atricollis2741
Pytilia melba920623
Lonchura bicolor21 1
Lonchura cucullatus1432
Lonchura fringilloides 999
Sporaeginthus subflavus 33 
Uraeginthus angoliensis10241311

Family Viduidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Vidua chalybeata214146
Vidua funerea1 1 
Vidua macroura116104
Vidua paradisaea1886
Vidua regia3685

 Family Passeridae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Passer diffusus1436922
Passer domesticus1862 
Passer melanurus5718 3
Petronia superciliaris1984

 Family Motacillidae                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Anthus chloris 1  
Anthus cinnamomeus23602510
Anthus crenatus1231511
Anthus hoeschi 2  
Anthus leucophrys41674
Anthus nicholsoni3393315
Anthus vaalensis21562
Macronyx capensis122195
Motacilla aguimp2111
Motacilla capensis314103

 Family Fringillidae 

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Crithagra albogularis32151
Crithagra atrogularis23321416
Crithagra flaviventris40341620
Crithagra gularis31989
Crithagra mozambicus3   
Crithagra sulphuratus 322
Crithagra scotops2145
Emberiza capensis19855227
Emberiza flaviventris612128
Emberiza impetuani42422019
Emberiza tahapisi8392819
Serinus alario1441
Serinus canicollis132195

 Other Families                                                                                                      

SPECIESNR OF SKELETONSNR OF SKINSSTOMACH CONTENTSTISSUE SAMPLES
Erythura gouldiae 1  
Geopelia cuneata 11 
Poephila guttata111 
Selasphorus sasin 1  
Taeniopygia guttata 1  
Aechmophorus occidentalis2   
Agapornis fischeri1   
Anas carolinensis1   
Bambycilla credrorum1   
Branta canadensis1   
Bubo virginianus2   
Buteo jamaicensis2   
Catharus ustulatus1   
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus1   
Corvus bracyhrhynchos1   
Cygnus atratus4   
Empidonax difficillis1   
Euphagus cyanocephalus1   
Falco sparverius2   
Fulmarus glacialis1   
Gavia arctica1   
Larus californicus2   
Melanerpes formicivorus1   
Melospiza melodia1   
Mimus polyglottus1   
Molothrus ater2   
Oxyura jamaicensis1   
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota3   
Phalaropus fulicarius2   
Phalaropus lobatus1   
Porzana carolina1   
Puffinus griseus1   
Serinus canaria1   
Uria aalge2   
Zonotrichia atricapilla2   
Links

Links to other institutions and Projects

South African Bird Ringing Unit (SAFRING) - www.safring.adu.org.za/safring

Southern African Bird Atlas Project 2 (SABAP2) - www.sabap2.adu.org.za

Percy Fitzpatrick Institute of African Ornithology (PFIAO) - www.web.uct.ac.za/depts/fitzpatrick

BirdLife South AFrica - www.birdlife.co.za

Migrating Kestrel Project - www.kestreling.com

Birds of Prey Working Group - www.ewt.org.za/workingroups

Animal Demography Unit Virtual Museum - http://vmus.adu.org.za/

Biodiversity Observations - http://oo.adu.org.za/index.php

Loan Policy

The acceptance of material on loan implies that the following conditions have been accepted:

  • Loan material must be handled with the utmost care and must be securely packed for return by insured or registered mail.
  • National Museum specimens described as holotypes, paratypes, allotypes or some other category or type, or used to supplement the description of a new taxon or the redescription of an existing species, are to be clearly labeled as such, and must be returned.
  • All labels and numbers given to specimens/objects must be retained and under no circumstances should any of these be discarded or altered. Where applicable the catalogue numbers of specimens/objects must be given in descriptions.
  • The National Museum must be credited in any publication when referring to this material. At least two copies of any such publication must be sent to this Museum.
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