Ornithology

Ornithology
Ornithology

Study of Birds


The Ornithology Department was established in the early 1970s, with the appointment of Dr Tibor Farkas (1973-1986). The organization of material on display, much of which was exotic in origin, was the primary objective at this time.

Active collection of material began in the mid 1970s, but a lack of resources prevented the addition of new material to the collection between 1979 and 1982.

During Roy Earlé’s term as Head of Department (1983-1990), the main objective was to resurrect active collection, focussing on birds representative of the Free State. The organization of the collection however meant its rationalization to about 500 study skins, as a result of deterioration of many specimens. There are currently more than 4600 skins in the collection.

A skeleton collection, started in 1983, grew rapidly and currently contains more than 2600 specimens. This collection is also widely used by palaeontologists.

Collection of avian ecto-parasites and avian blood parasites began in 1987. The alcohol collection was started in September 1988. A tissue sample collection was started in 2011. Samples were also donated by visiting researchers from the University of New Mexico, the Natural History Museum of Paris, and the University of California.

Management of the Departmental collection was the responsibility of Ben Bester (1984-1985), Hester du Toit (1984-1992), Kotie Herholdt (1985-1988), Mariana de Wet (1986-1989), and Dawie de Swardt (1988 to present).

Rick Nuttall was Head of Department from 1991-2003, whereafter Dawie de Swardt was appointed to this position.

Research – past and present

Research in the Department has focused on the taxonomy of the Turdidae, on bird communities of various vegetation types, and on the distribution of species in the Free State Province (Tibor Farkas). Roy Earlé studied the biology of a number of species and groups of birds, including swallows (Hirundinidae), White-browed Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser mahali, Ant-eating Chat Myrmecocichla formicivora, Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus, House Passer domesticus and Cape Sparrow P. melanurus, as well as aerial-feeding bird communities in the forested north-eastern parts of South Africa. In collaboration with other researchers, Roy began to identify and describe avian blood parasites of South African birds. Together with Professor Nick Grobler (University of the Free State), he also produced the first Atlas of Bird Distribution in the Orange Free State, published in 1987.

Although employed as Collections Manager, Kotie Herholdt also carried out research, focusing mainly on the distribution patterns of Ludwig’s Neotis ludwigii and Denham’s Bustard N. denhami, breeding biology of the Ant-eating Chat Myrmecocichla formicivora, and of Little Swifts Apus affinis in urban areas. Similarly, Dawie de Swardt has also been involved in research, mainly on the behaviour of the Northern Black Korhaan Eupodotis afraoides. His current research focuses on the biology, movements and biometrics of Gurney’s Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi and Malachite Sunbird Nectarinia famosa, as well as behaviour (and song dialects between different populations) of the poorly-known African Rock Pipit Anthus crenatus. A project was initiated in 2008 investigating the taxonomical relationships of Karoo Prinia maculosa and Drakensberg Prinias P. hypoxantha in the Free State and adjacent areas. In collaboration with Dr Raurie Bowie (University of California, Berkeley, USA) blood samples for DNA analysis are collected from both ringed birds and collected specimens. Biometric and moult data are also collected for analysis. Rick Nuttall’s research involves Zosterops (white-eye) systematics, behavioural ecology of estrildid finches (Estrildidae), systematics of various Cisticola species and moult and migration of Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica; the latter also involves collaboration with other swallow researchers, both locally and internationally.

News

Biodiversity Symposium in Kimberley

Biodiversiteitskongres in Kimberley
Dawie de Swardt (back, second from left) and Jan Andries Neethling in front of him with delegates at the symposium.

11 January 2017
Dawie de Swardt (Ornithology Department) and Jan Andries Neethling (Arachnology Department) attended the 13th Kimberley Biodiversity Research Symposium at the Mcgregor Museum in Kimberley. This symposium is presented annually by the McGregor Museum, Northern Cape Department of Environment and Nature Conservation, SANParks (Kimberley) and the South African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON). Dawie gave a presentation on his research on African Rock Pipits: African Rock Pipits from work done at Tswalu kalahari Reserve and Grobleshoop area.


Researcher visits Ornithology Department

Researcher visits Ornithology Department

11 January 2017
Dawie de Swardt (left), Head of the Ornithology Department, and Darren Pietersen (University of Pretoria) who visited the department to study the pipit skin collection as part of his PhD research.


Bird ringing expedition in Lydenburg

Bird ringing expedition to Lydenburg

11 January 2017
In February Dawie de Swardt undertook a bird-ringing trip to Lydenburg as part of his annual visit to the study site of the Gurney Sugarbird project. This year he was joined by a group of bird ringers from BirdLife Northern Gauteng, Pretoria, who were interested in the project. They assisted in capturing and ringing sugarbirds and other species and obtaining recapture data. During this visit 19 sugarbirds were captured and blood and feather samples taken. Bird ringing was also carried out in the nearby Gustav Klingbiel Nature Reserve outside Lydenburg where more than 200 birds were captured. Dawie also presented a talk and a bird-ringing demonstration to members of the Escarpment Bird Club at Paardeplaats, Lydenburg. His presentation, Gurney's Sugarbirds in the Lydenburg area – three decades of dedicated research,gave an overview of this long term project.


Training opportunities

Training Opportunities

14 December 2016
Mmatjie Mashao, technical assistant in ornithology at the Durban Natural Science Museum, visited the Museum during November 2016 to be trained by Dawie de Swardt (ornithologist) and Lots Morapedi (preparator) in preparing study skins as well as curation techniques for the storage of study skin, skeleton and tissue sample collections.

Staff

Senior Museum Scientist and Head of Department

Dawid H. de Swardt MSc dawie@nasmus.co.za

Dawie-De-SwardtDawie joined the Ornithology Department in 1988 assisting Dr. Roy Earlé with his research on South African Cliff Swallows, as well as other swallow and swift species. Dawie was also involved in a long-term project on Gurney’s Sugarbirds in eastern Mpumalanga and it was not long before a study was also undertaken to investigate the movements of Malachite Sunbirds in the Free State. Other research projects include a behavioural study on the Northern Black Korhaan, behaviour and vocalization of the African Rock Pipit and assisting Rick Nuttall with his projects on cisticolas, white-eyes and estrildid finches. Currently a project on the Karoo- and Drakensberg prinias in the Free State and adjacent areas is undertaken, concentrating on areas of possible overlap. Dawie has a National Diploma in Nature Conservation (1987) and National High Diploma (Foresty): Conservation from Saasveld, George (now Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Univeristy, George Campus, Saasveld) (1995). His thesis on Gurney’s Sugarbirds “Aspects of the behaviour and ecology of Gurney’s Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi Verreaux, 1871 in Protea woodland, South Africa” earned him an MSc (1998). Bird ringing also forms an integral part of research projects and more than 13 000 birds have been ringed since 1987. Dawie has also been involved in the first bird atlas project (1988 -1992) and currently in the SABAP2 project. He is also responsible for collection and curation of the bird collection, representing mostly Free State birds.


Lots-MorapediPreparator

Lotz Morapedi

Lotz is, since 1983, a General Assistant in the Ornithology Department. He is mainly responsible for the preparation of research specimens that involves the preparation of bird specimens as study skins as well as skeletal specimens and the subsequent curation of it. He also assists with research projects such as bird ringing and collecting.

Research

A brief outline of current research projects

  • Life-history parameters and seasonal movements of Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi.  at Lydenburg, Mpumalanga (project completed) (Dawie de Swardt: dawie@nasmus.co.za)
  • Seasonal movements of the Malachite Sunbird Nectarinia famosa in the Free State. (project completed) (Dawie de Swardt: dawie@nasmus.co.za)
  • Behavioural ecology of the African Rock Pipit Anthus crenatus. (Dawie de Swardt: dawie@nasmus.co.za)
  • A comparative taxonomical study between the Drakensberg Prinia hypoxantha and Karoo P. maculosa Prinias in the Free State and adjacent areas. (Dawie de Swardt: dawie@nasmus.co.za)
Publications - Scientific Articles

De Swardt, D. H. 2018. Common Fiscal using man-made object during feeding. Biological Observations 9: 2: 1-2.

Fuchs, J., De Swardt, D. H., Oatley, G., Fjeldsa, J. & Bowie, R. C. K. 2018. Habitat-driven diversification, hybridization and cryptic diversity in the Fork-tailed Drongo (Passeriformes: Dicruridae: Dicrurus adsimilis).   Zoologica Scripta 47:266-284. 

De Swardt DH 2017. Birds of the Bloemfontein pentad 2905_2610: a review over a 30 year period. Biodiversity Observations, Vol 8.43: 1-1.

De Swardt, D. H. 2017. The call note - A new vocalization for the African Rock Pipit Anthus crenatusBiological Observations 8. 10: 1-3.

De Swardt, D. H. 2017. Living in isolation - Observations on African Rock Pipits in the Northern Cape. Biological Observations 8. 13: 1 - 6.

Oatley, G., De Swardt, D. H., Nuttall, R. J., Crowe, T. M. & Bowie, R. C. K. 2017. Phenotypic and genotypic variation across a stable white-eye (Zosterops sp.) hybrid zone in central South Africa. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 121: 670-684. 

De Swardt, D. H., Mashao, M. & Engelbrecht, G. D. 2016. Diet of the Pririt Batis Batis pririt in the Free State, South Africa. Biodiversity Observations 7 .67: 1-2.

De Swardt, D. H. 2016.White-crested Helmet-shrike in the Vredefort area, Northern Free State. Biological Observations 7.4: 1-2.

De Swardt, D. H. 2016.Alarm calls of African Rock Pipit Anthus crenatus – A new vocalization. Biological Observations 7.17: 1-3.

De Swardt, D. H. 2016.Birds ringed and recaptured at Kalkwal, Free State. Biodiversity Observations7: 23: 1 - 4.

De Swardt, D. H. 2016. Secretarybird Sagittaruis serpentaruis resighted after 5 years. Biodiversity Observations 7: 26: 1 - 2.

De Swardt DH 2016.Feral population of Common Peacock Pavo cristatus breeding in Boemfontein, Free State. Biodiversity Observations 7.56: 1-2.

De Swardt DH 2016.Lesser Grey Shrike and Common Fiscal impaling prey. Biodiversity Observations 7.57: 1-2.

De Swardt DH 2016.Observations on a Secretarybird nest at Langfontein, Petrusburg district, Free State. Biodiversity Observations 7.64:1-4.

Retief, E. F., Smith-Robinson, H. A. & De Swardt, D. H. 2015.Egyptian Geese nesting in Secretarybird nests. Ornithological Observations 6: 215 - 216.

De Swardt, D. H. & van der Westhuizen, A. C. 2015. Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius ringing in the Free State and Eastern Cape: movement data on patagial-tagged nestlings. Gabar 26: 8 – 10.

De Swardt, D. H. 2015. Observations of African Jacanas at Rooidam, Bloemfontein. Ornithological Observations 6: 202 – 204.

Mashao, M, Engelbrecht, D. & de Swardt, D. H. 2015. Desktop ecology: Sabota Lark Calendulauda sabota.  Ornithological Observations 6: 84 – 91.

De Swardt, D. H. & Boshoff, W. 2015. Golden-tailed Woodpeckers along Orange River in southern Free State. Ornithological Observations 6: 29 - 30.

De Swardt, D. H. 2014. Bird distribution changes in the Lydenburg area, Mpumalanga (2530AB Lydenburg & 2530BA Long Tom Pass) using SABAP data to compare with historical data: a period since the 1980’s. Ornithological Observations 5: 431 - 449.

De Swardt, D. H. 2014. Spotted Eagle-owl nesting on top of Sociable Weaver nest.Ornithological Observations 5: 355 – 356.

De Swardt, D. H. 2014. A comparative analysis of SABAP2 data for the Free State National Botanical Gardens and the Valley of Seven Dams Conservancy, Bloemfontein.Ornithological Observations 5: 1 – 8.

De Swardt, D. H. 2014. Recapture and movement data of Gurney’s Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi in the Lydenburg area, Mpumalanga Province, over nearly three decades.Afring News 43: 3 – 8.

De Swardt, D. H. 2014. An unconvenient death: Eastern Clapper Lark on barbed wire fence.Ornithological Observations 5: 112 - 113.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. Unusual golden colour variation of Green-winged Pytilia ringed at Dedeben, Tswalu Kalahari Reserve. Afring News 42: 29 – 31.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. White-backed Vultures nesting on electricity pylons in the Boshof area, Free State, South Africa.Vulture News 65: 48 – 49.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. New distribution records: Black-backed Puffback and Barred Wren-warbler in the Free State. Ornithological Observations 4: 69-71.

De Swardt, D. H. 2012. Nature recycles: Egyptian Goose breeding in an old Secretarybird nest. Ornithological Observations 3: 223-224.

De Swardt, D. H. 2012. Bird species captured in Protea roupelliae woodland and their association with Protea habitats. Ornithological Observations 3: 29-37.

De Swardt, D. H. 2012. Suburban garden bird ringing: some ringing and recapture data over a period of nine years. Afring News 41: 16-18.

De Swardt, D. H. 2012. 2925BD Hagesdam - SABAP1 and SABAP2 compared. Ornithological Observations 3: 109-122.De Swardt, D. H. 2011. Late-summer breeding record for Secretarybirds Sagittaruis serpentaruis in the Free State. Gabar 22:31-33.

De Swardt, D. H. 2011.  Unusual egg coloration in Three-banded Plover Charadruis tricollarisOrnithological Observations 2: 60-61.

De Swardt, D. H. 2011. Gurney’s Sugarbird project and Safring ringing data. Afring News 40: 25-26.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Individual and inter-population variation in African Rock Pipit Anthus crenatussongs. pp. 105-112. In: Harebottle, D.M., Craig, A.J.F.K., Anderson, M.D., Rakotomanana, H. & Muchai, M. (eds). Proceedings of the 12th Pan-African Ornithological Congress, 2008. Cape Town, Animal Demograpghy Unit.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca hybridizes with Common Shelduck Tadorna tadornaOrnithological Observations 1:63-64.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Notes on the breeding and breeding success of Crowned Lapwings Vanellus coronatus in the southern suburbs of Bloemfontein. Ornithological Observations 1: 48-51.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Jacobin Cuckoo parasitising African Red-eyed Bulbul nest. Ornithological Observations1: 3-4.

De Swardt, D. H. & Van der Westhuizen, A. C. 2010. First Sectretarybirds Saggitaruis serpentaruisringed with patagial tags in the Free State. Gabar 21: 56-59.

De Swardt, D.H. 2008. Brimstone (Bully) Canaries Crithagra sulphuratus in the Zastron district, south–eastern Free State. Bird Numbers 14: 20–21.

De Swardt, D.H. 2008. Family Promeropidae (Sugarbirds). Pp. 486-497. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. & Christie, D.A. (eds). (2008). Handbook Birds of the WorldVol 13. Penduline-tits to Shrikes. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

De Swardt, D.H. 2007. Another record of a Secretarybird Sagittaruis serpentaruis pair raising three nestlings in the Free State, South Africa. Gabar 18 (2): 9-16.

De Swardt, D.H. 2006. Singing behaviour and perch use of male African Rock Pipits Anthus crenatus. Navors. Nas Mus., Bloemfontein 22: 129-144.

De Swardt, D.H. 2006. Bully Canaries in the Zastron district, southeastern Free State. Bee-eater 57: 4-5.

De Swardt, D.H. 2006. Jackal Buzzard Buteo rufofuscus nesting in an Olive tree in the southern Free State. Gabar 17: 20.

De Swardt, D.H. 2006. Verreauxs’ Eagle Aquila verreauxi breeding on a vodacom structure – with a sad ending. Gabar 17: 23 - 24.

De Swardt, D.H. 2006. Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus attacking a Black-bellied Bustard Lissotis melanogasterGabar 17: 22-23.

Szép, T., Møller, A.P., Piper, S., Nuttall, R., Szabo, Z.D. & Pap, P.L. 2006. Searching for potential wintering and migration areas of a Danish Barn Swallow population in South AFrica by correlating NDVI with survival estimates. J. Ornithol. 147(2): 245-253. 

De Swardt, D.H., Grobler, G.P.J., Nuttall, R.J. & Oschadleus, H.D. 2005. Bishop’s Glen Ringing Project – valuable recapture data obtained after ten years. Afring News 34: 21 - 29.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Locustfinch. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. p 1038.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Orange-breasted Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1039-1040.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. African Quail Finch. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1040-1041.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Yellow-bellied Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1043-1044.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Swee Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1044-1045.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Black-faced Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1047-1049.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Grey Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1049-1050.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Cinderella Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. p 1050.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Common Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1051-1052.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Violet-eared Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1053-1054.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Blue Waxbill. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1054-1056.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Bronze Mannikin. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1065-1067.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Magpie Mannikin. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1067-1068.

Nuttall, R.J. 2005. Red-backed Mannikin. In: Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P.G. (eds) Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. pp 1068-1069.

De Swardt, D.H. 2004. Greatest longevity record for Gurney’s Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiAfring News 33: 38-39.

De Swardt, D.H., Grobler, G.P.J. & Oschadleus, H.D. 2004. Bird ringing in the Free State National Botanical Gardens, Bloemfontein, with notes on recaptures. Afring News 33: 65-70.

De Swardt, D.H., Symes, C.T. & Downes, C.T. 2004. An analysis of biometric data of the Malachite Sunbird Nectarinia famosa from five regions in South Africa. Afring News: 33: 10-14.

Hulley, P.E., Craig, A.J.F.K., Underhill, G.D., Bonnevie, B.T., Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 2004. Timing of moult and breeding in the Cape White-eye, Zosterops pallidus, from three different geographical regions in South Africa. Emu 104: 353-358.

Kopij, G., Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 2004. An analysis of avian (Aves) stomach contents from South Africa. Durban Museum Novitates 29: 21-30.

De Swardt, D.H. 2003. Malachite Sunbird recaptured after ten years. Afring News 32: 11.

De Swardt, D.H. 2003. Another Secretarybird breeding attempt near Hagesdam, Bloemfontein. Bird Numbers 12:47.

De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 2003. An analysis of road-killed bird specimens in the collection of the Ornithology Department, National Museum, Bloemfontein. Bird Numbers 12: 13-16.

De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Moult and eclipse plumage of Malachite Sunbird Nectarinia famosa in the Free State, South Africa. Ostrich 73:176-178.

De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Notes on breeding biology of the Rock Pipit Anthus crenatusOstrich 73: 170-171.

De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Breeding observations on nest of Secretarybird. Bird Numbers 11: 29-31.

Kopij, G., De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 2002. Diet of pipits in South African grassland. Ostrich 73: 71-73.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Preliminary observations on Malachite Sunbird movements in the Free State. Ostrich 72: 203-206.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Notes on the post-nestling period and breeding success of Gurney’s Sugarbird, Promerops gurneyiOstrich 72: 200-201.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Nestlings and nestling period of the Longbilled Pipit Anthus similisBird Numbers 10: 36.

De Swardt, D.H. & Peach, W.J. 2001. Annual survival of Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiOstrich 72: 206-209.

Nuttall, R.J., Kleynhans, H.J., Kleynhans, J., De Swardt, D.H. & Van Der Walt, S. 2001. First record of Bartailed Godwit Limosa lapponica in the Free State, South Africa. Bird Numbers 10: 59.

De Swardt, D.H. 2000. The birds of Soetdoring Nature Reserve and adjacent areas, central Free State. BirdLife South Africa guide pp. 1-40. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

De Swardt, D.H. 2000. Moult and eclipse plumages of Malachite Sunbirds in the Free State. Safring News 29:27.

De Swardt, D.H. 2000. Incubation and nestling period of Bokmakierie Telophorus zeylonusBird Numbers 9: 23.

Kopij, G., De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Diet of seven coraciiform species (Coraciiformes) in South Africa. Acta Ornithologica 35: 207-209.

Kopij, G., Kok, O.B. & Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Breeding cycle of the Southern Bald Ibis, Geronticus calvusOstrich 71(3&4): 393-399.

Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Delegorgue's Pigeon. In: The Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Barnes, K.N. (ed.). pp. 109-111. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Barnes, K.N., Colahan, B.D., Nuttall, R.J. & Taylor, P.B. 1998. Important Bird Areas of the Free State. In: Important Bird Areas of southern Africa. Barnes, K.N. (ed.) pp. 123-139. Johannesburg: BirdLife South Africa.

De Swardt, D.H. 1998. Aspects of the behaviour and ecology of Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi Verreaux, 1871, in Protea woodland, South Africa. Unpublished MSc thesis. University of the Free State: Bloemfontein.

De Swardt, D. H. & Griesel, R. 1998. The Redthroated Wryneck in the southern Free State. Bird Numbers 7: 25.

Kopij, G. & De Swardt, D.H. 1998. Breeding ecology of the Little Swift Apus affinis, in Bloemfontein, South Africa. Navors. Nas Mus., Bloemfontein 14: 145-159.

Nuttall, R.J., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G. & Lockwood, G. 1998. Priorities for bird conservation in South Africa. Johannesburg: BirdLife South Africa. pp. 17.

De Swardt, D.H. 1997. Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 486-487. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

De Swardt, D.H. & Schoeman, S. 1997. Sunbird recaptures and seasonal movements at Lydenburg, Mpumalanga Province. Safring News 26:13-15.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Delegorgue's Pigeon Columba delegorgueiIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 1: Non-passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), p. 501. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Blackcollared Barbet Lybius torquatusIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 1: Non-passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 710-711. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Pied Barbet Tricholaema leucomelasIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 1: Non-passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), p. 712-713. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Crested Barbet Trachyphonus vaillantiiIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 1: Non-passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), p. 724-725. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Cape White-eye Zosterops pallidusIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 526-527. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensisIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 528-529. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Brown Firefinch Lagonosticta nitidulaIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), p. 601. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Bluebilled Firefinch Lagonosticta rubricataIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 602-603. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Jameson's Firefinch Lagonosticta rhodopareiaIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 604-605. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Redbilled Firefinch Lagonosticta senegalaIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 606-607. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Quail Finch Ortygospiza atricollisIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 622-623. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Bronze Mannikin Spermestes cucullatusIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 630-631. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Redbacked Mannikin Spermestes bicolorIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 632-633. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Yelloweyed Canary Serinus mozambicusIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 650-651. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Blackthroated Canary Serinus atrogularisIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 652-653. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Streakyheaded Canary Serinus gularisIn: The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds), pp. 672-673. BirdLife South Africa: Johannesburg.

De Swardt, D.H. & Van Niekerk, D.J. 1996. An annotated check list of the birds of Qwaqwa National Park. Koedoe 39:89-106.

Nuttall, R.J. 1996. Notes on Delegorgue's Pigeon Columba delegorguei in the Karkloof, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Ostrich 67:45-46.

De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Malachite Sunbird ringing in the Free State. Safring News 24:15-18.

De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Bird survival data from the Oliewenhuis Gardens, central Bloemfontein. Safring News 24: 59-61.

De Swardt, D. 1995. Voëlberinging kan gevaarlik wees. Safring News 24: 83-84.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomerina at Zastron, southeastern Free State Province, South Africa. Journal of African Raptor Biology 10:35-36.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Identification problems during bird ringing - the Whitethroat example! Safring News 23: 22-23.

De Swardt, D.H. & Louw, S. 1994. The diet and foraging behaviour of Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiNavors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 10: 245-258.

Bates, M.F. & De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Mabuya variegata punctulataMabuya striata sparsa and Meroles suborbitalis: Avian predation. African Herp. News 21: 18-19.

De Swardt, D.H. 1993. Factors affecting the densities of nectarivores in Protea roupelliae woodland. Ostrich 64: 172-177.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Seasonal changes in the birdlife of a peri-urban grassland community. Ostrich 64: 1-7.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Vocal behaviour of the Quail Finch Ortygospiza atricollisOstrich 64: 94-107.

Bates, M.F., De Swardt, D.H. & Louw, S. 1992. A note on the diet of the Yellowbilled Egret. Ostrich63(1): 44.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. A behaviour study of the Black Korhaan Eupodotis afraoidesNavors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 8(6): 237-258.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Distribution, biometrics and moult of Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiOstrich 63: 13-20.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Rednecked Falcons in the western Orange Free State, South Africa. Gabar 7: 69.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Some interesting recaptures at the Oliewenhuis Gardens, central Bloemfontein. Safring News 21: 15-16.

De Swardt, D.H. & Bothma, N. 1992. Notes on the breeding biology of Gurney's Sugarbird. Ostrich 63: 136-137.

De Swardt, D.H. & Buys, P.J. 1992. Cape Sugarbird at Jagersfontein, southern Orange Free State. Ostrich 63: 136.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Methods for trapping Quail Finches Ortygospiza atricollis. Safring News 21: 55-59.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Breeding biology of the Quail Finch Ortygospiza atricollisOstrich 63: 110-117.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Measurements and moult in the Greater Double-collared Sunbird. Safring News20: 21-25.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. The seasonal movements of Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi in the Lydenburg area, Transvaal. Ostrich 62: 40-44.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1991. Bee-eaters taking earthworms on the ground. British Birds 84(2): 61-62.

Earlé‚ R.A., Bennett, G.F., Du Toit, H., De Swardt, D.H. & Herholdt, J.J. 1991. Regional and seasonal distribution of avian blood parasites from northern South Africa. S. Afr. J. Wild. Res. 21: 47-53.

Nuttall, R.J. 1991. Marsh Owls Asio capensis hawking termite alates. Mirafra 8: 57-58.

Nuttall, R.J. 1991. Eastern Saw-wing Swallow and Black-eared Canary observations. Honeyguide 37: 77-78.

Nuttall, R.J. 1991. Feeding association during termite emergence. Honeyguide 37: 78-80.

Bates, M.F. & De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Life History note: Cacosternum boetgeri and Xenopus laevis laevis: Avian predation. J. Herp. Assoc. Afr. 37: 46.

Bennett, G.F., Pierce, M.A. & Earlé, R.A. 1990. The haemoproteids of the shrikes of the avian family Laniidae (Passeriformes). S.A. J. Zool. 25(3): 194-198.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Ageing and sexing Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyiSafring News 19: 57-60.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Birds of the Gustav Klingbiel Nature Reserve and Sterkspruit area, Lydenburg. Southern Birds 16: 1-67.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Growth and behaviour of Secretarybird nestlings. Gabar 5: 22.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Pygmy Falcon catches Sociable Weaver in flight. Gabar 5: 27.

Kok, O.B. & Earlé, R.A. 1990. Diet of the Black Korhaan Eupodotis afra in the Orange Free State and north-west Cape. Ostrich 61(3/4): 107-110.

Crowe, T.M., Kemp, A.C., Earlé, R.A. & Grant, W.S. 1989. Systematics is a most essential, but most neglected biological science. S. Afr. Journ. Sci. 85: 418-423.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Some observations on the local movements of Gurney's Sugarbird in the Lydenburg area. Safring News 18: 31-32.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1989. Breeding biology of the Redbreasted Swallow Hirundo semirufaOstrich 60: 13-21.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1989. The importance of temporary pans to birds in the central Orange Free State. Naturalist 33: 8-12.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Brooke, R.K. 1989. Taxonomy, distribution, migration and moult of the Redbreasted Swallow Hirundo semirufaOstrich 60: 151-158.

Kemp, A., Earlé‚ R.A., Mendelsohn, J., Vernon, C., Harris, T., Komen, J. & Berrutti, A. 1989.Systematic theory and practice applied to avian research and collections at South African and Namibian Museums. Samab 18(7): 265-270.

Oatley, T.B., Earlé, R.A. & Prins, A.J. 1989. The diet and foraging behaviour of the Ground Woodpecker. Ostrich 60: 75-84.

De Swardt, D.H. 1988. Blackshouldered Kite breeding in summer at Roodeplaat-dam Nature Reserve, South Africa. Gabar 3: 101-102.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. The timing of breeding and moult in the Lesser Striped Swallow. Ibis 130: 378-383.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. The timing of breeding and moult in three African Swallows. Revue Zool. afr. 192: 61-70.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. A cast-net for trapping nightjars (and others). Safring News 17: 25-28.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. Nest rotation by Whitethroated Swallows during the breeding season. Hirundo 1: 11-12.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Herholdt, J.J. 1988. Breeding and moult of the Anteating Chat Myrmecocichla formicivoraOstrich 59: 155-161.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Lawson, A.B. 1988. An annotated checklist of the birds of the Golden Gate Highlands National Park. Koedoe 31: 227-243.

Earlé, R.A. & Louw, S. 1988. Diet of the Anteating Chat Myrmecocichla formicivora in relation to terrestrial arthropod abundance. S. Afr. J. Zool. 23(3): 224-229.

Earlé, R.A., Louw, S. & Herholdt, J.J. 1988. Notes on the measurements and diet of Ludwig's Bustard Neotis ludwigiiOstrich 59(4): 178-179.

Farkas, T.B. 1988. The birds of Korannaberg, eastern Orange Free State, South Africa. Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 6(3).

Herholdt, J.J. 1988. An albino Red Bishop in OFS. Bokmakierie 40: 22.

Herholdt, J.J. 1988. The distribution of Stanley's and Ludwig's Bustard in southern Africa: a review. Ostrich 59: 8-13.

Herholdt, J.J. & Grobler, N.J..1988. Dimensions of Botha's Lark Spizocorys fringillarisOstrich 59: 47.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. A case of bigamy in the Redbreasted Swallow Hirundo semirufaS. Afr. J. Zool. 22: 325-326.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Distribution, migration and timing of moult in the South African Cliff Swallow. Ostrich58: 118-121.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Homing ability of the South African Cliff Swallow. Safring News 16: 3-7.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Moult and breeding seasons of the Greyrumped Swallow. Ostrich 58: 181-182.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Measurements, moult and timing of breeding in the Blue Swallow. Ostrich 58: 182-185.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Notes on Hirundo fuliginosa and its status as a "Cliff Swallow". Bull. Brit. Orn. Club. 107: 59-63.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Ringing and recovery details of four swallow species in southern Africa. Safring News 16: 67-72.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Grobler, N.J. 1987. First atlas of bird distribution in the Orange Free State. Bloemfontein: National Museum.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Notes on a Greater Honeyguide Indicator indicator chick raised by Anteating Chats Myrmecocichla formicivoraBull. Brit. Orn. Club 107: 70-73.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Dimensions and deformaties of South African Cliff Swallow. Ostrich 57: 56-59.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Reappraisal of variation in the Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus (Aves: Picidae). Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 5(7): 79-93.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. The breeding biology of the South African Cliff Swallow. Ostrich 57: 138-156.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Time budget of South African Cliff Swallows during breeding. S. Afr. J. Zool. 21: 57-59.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Vocalizations of the South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spiloderaS. Afr. J. Zool. 21: 229-232.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Herholdt, J.J. 1986. Co-operative breeding in the Anteating Chat. Ostrich 57: 188-189.

Herholdt, J.J. 1986. Occurrence of the Barred Warbler in the Orange Free State. Osrich 57: 114.

Herholdt, J.J. 1986. Diet of the Barn Owl at a riverine roost in the central Orange Free State. Ostrich57: 185-187.

Herholdt, J.J. & Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Ashy Tit and Pied Barbets roosting in a sandbank. Ostrich 57: 64.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1985. A description of the social, aggressive and maintenance behaviour of the South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spilodera (Aves: Hirundinidae). Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 5(3): 37-50.

Earlé, R.A. 1985. Ageing and sexing guide - South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spiloderaSafring News 14: 48.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1985. Predators, parasites and symbionts of the South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spilodera (Aves: Hirundinidae). Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 5(1): 1-18.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1985. The nest of the South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spilodera (Aves: Hirundinidae). Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 5(2): 21-36.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1985. Foraging behaviour and diet of the South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spilodera (Aves: Hirundinidae). Navors. nas. Mus., Bloemfontein 5(4): 53-66.

Farkas, T.B. 1981. Bird communities of the False Upper Karoo. Mem. Nas. Mus., Bloemfontein. 16: 1-160.

Publications - Popular Articles

De Swardt, D. H. 2018. Unusual bill deformation in a Red-eyed Bulbul. The Lark 20: 41.

De Swardt, D. H. 2018. Nomads on the move: Monotonous Lark in the southern Free State. The Lark 20:54-56.

De Swardt, D. H. 2017. Letters - Inbox: Rising above it. African BirdLife Sept / Oct 2017: 8.

De Swardt, D. H. & Smith, J. 2016. Raptor "balchatri" ringing training in the Strydenburg area, Northern Cape. Eagles Eye September 2016. p21-22.

De Swardt, D. H. 2016. Garden Watch - Twitter feed. African Birdlife 4: 76.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. The Egyptian Vulture – a tool using bird.Culna 68: 30 - 31.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. Interessante waarnemings tydens SABAP2 opnames: Januarie – Julie 2013.Sakabula 45: 9 – 10.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. Green-winged Pytilia with interesting colour variation ringed at Dedeben reserach Centre on Tswalu Kalahari Reserve.  Diamond Route Newsletter. December 2013: 2.

De Swardt, D. H. 2013. Searching for African Rock Pipits at Tswalu Kalahari.  Diamond Route Newsletter. December 2013: 2.

De Swardt, D. H. 2012. Korannaberg. Sakabula 43: 2-3.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Egg-centric Secretarybird nest. Africa Birds & Birding 15: 15.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010. Karoo and Drakensberg Prinias – the difference is in the spots! Culna 65: 15 – 16.

De Swardt, D. H. 2010 Gurney’s Sugarbirds in the Lydenburg area. Environment - People and Conservation in Africa 2: 42 – 45.

De Swardt, D. H. 2009. Willem Pretorius Wildtuin-uitstappie op 17 Oktober 2009. Sakabula 35: 6-7.

De Swardt, D. H. 2008. An unconventional hang–out. Africa Birds & Birding 13:55.

De Swardt, D. H. 2006. Kakelaars en hoep-hoeppe se chemiese oorlogvoering. Culna 61: 12-13.

De Swardt, D. H. 2006. Displaying behaviour of Familiar Chat. Bee-eater 57: 10.

De Swardt, D.H. 2004. Ludwig’s Bustard breeding at Garingboom. Sakabula 18: 10-11.

De Swardt, D.H2003. African Rock Pipit behaviour and vocalizations. Culna 58: 28-29.

De Swardt, D.H2003. Winter voëls-kyk by Soutpan en Hagesdam. Sakabula 17: 9-10.

Oschadleus, D. & De Swardt, D. H. 2003. Safring News: Malachite Sunbird. Africa Birds & Birding8(4): 9.

De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Black-headed Canaries at Hagesdam, central Free State. Mirafra 19: 1-2.

De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Nest site selection by breeding birds at Hagesdam, central Free State. Mirafra19: 60-62.

De Swardt, D.H2002. Report on ringing project on Gurney's Sugarbirds at Lydenburg, Mpumalanga. Indaba Inyoni 5(3): 24-25.

Kopij, G., Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 2002. Diet of Piciformes and Coliiformes in the Free State, South Africa. Mirafra 19: 65-67.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Termites in Jackal Buzzard Buteo rufofuscus stomach contents. Mirafra 18(2): 20.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Sekretarisvoëls se broeigewoontes. Culna 56: 6-7.

De Swardt, D.H. 2001. 'n Nat maar suksesvolle uitstappie na Maria Moroko Nasionale Park. Sakabula6: 14-15.

Kopij, G., Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 2001. Arthropod diet of the Malachite Sunburd Nectarinia famosa in South Africa. Mirafra 18(2): 20-21.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Caspian Plovers Charadrius asiaticus in the central Free State, South Africa. Mirafra 18(1): 1-2.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone viridis in semi-arid Kalahari thornveld. Mirafra18(1): 8-10.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Honey Buzzards Pernis apivoris in the Free State: summer 2000/2001. Mirafra18(1): 16-18.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Bennett's Woodpecker Campethera bennettii at Sandveld Nature Reserve, Hoopstad District, Free State. Mirafra 18:27-28.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Sightings of interest: Free State & Northern Cape regions. Mirafra 18: 34-36.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Sightings of interest: Free State region. Mirafra 19: 8-11.

Nuttall, R.J. 2001. Ring wear in Sociable Weavers Philetairus sociusAfring News 30(2):64-65.

Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica ringing in Bloemfontein, South Africa. Safring News29: 20-24.

Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Further records of European Starlings Sturnus vulgaris in the Bloemfontein district. Mirafra 17(4): 50-52.

Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Vocal mimicry in individual Thick-billed Lark Galerida magnirostris and Yellow-bellied Eremomela Eremomela icteropygialisMirafra 17(4):56-57.

Nuttall, R.J. 2000. European Swallow roosts in the Memel district, Free State, South Africa. Mirafra17(4):57-58.

De Swardt, D.H. 1999. Unusual waterfowl mortalities on a pan near Soutpan, Brandfort district. Mirafra 16: 21-23.

De Swardt, D.H. 1999. Notes on the behaviour of the Sickle-winged Chat Cercomela sinuata in the Free State. Mirafra 16: 38-39.

De Swardt, D. H. & Harebottle, D. 1999. Birds in Reserves Project (BIRP) in the Free State. Mirafra 16: 25-27.

Kopij, G., Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1999. Diet of Namaqua Sandgrouse Pterocles namaquaand the Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis in South Africa. Mirafra 16: 36-38.

De Swardt, D.H. 1998. Interesting observations at Soetdoring Nature Reserve, Bloemfontein district. Mirafra 15: 29-30.

De Swardt, D.H. 1998. Bird ringing at Kirklington, Ficksburg. Mirafra 15: 39-41.

De Swardt, D.H. 1998. Rooiborssuikervoëls in Lydenburg. Escarpment Bird Club Newsletter 4: 4.

Kopij, G. & De Swardt, D.H. 1998. An annotated checklist of the birds of Franklin Nature Reserve, Bloemfontein. Mirafra 15: 21-27.

Nuttall, R.J. 1998. Notes on flocking, feeding and breeding activity of Wattled Starlings at Sandveld Nature Reserve. Mirafra 15: 31-32.

Nuttall, R.J. 1998. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 15: 32-33.

Nuttall, R.J. 1998. European Swallows roosting in suburban Bloemfontein. Mirafra 15: 37-38.

Nuttall, R.J. 1998. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 15: 45-46.

De Swardt, D.H. 1997. Dié voëls is mal oor proteas. Custos September: 14-15.

De Swardt, D.H., Nuttall, R.J. & Botha, A.J. 1997. Report on ringing training workshop held at Qwa Qwa National Park, eastern Free State. Mirafra 14: 2–5.

Nuttall, R.J. 1997. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 14(1&2): 21-26.

De Swardt, D.H. 1996. Notes on the breeding of Greybacked Finchlark Eremopterix verticalisMirafra13: 10-11.

De Swardt, D.H. 1996. Jameson's Firefinch Lagonosticta rhodopareia along the Vaal River, Free State Province. Mirafra 13: 67-68.

Kopij, G. & Nuttall, R.J. 1996. Mixed heronries at Sandveld Nature Reserve. Mirafra 13: 11-19.

Nuttall, R. 1996. Pretty Polly, Pretty Polly. Culna 51: 9-10.

Nuttall, R.J. 1996. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 13: 20-24.

Nuttall, R.J. 1996. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 13: 71-78.

Allan, D. & Nuttall, R. 1995. South Africa - the rainbow country. World Birdwatch 17(1): 10-13.

De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Rare birds of the Free State. Mirafra 12: 6-7.

De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Some observations of birds responding to rain in the Karoo. Mirafra 12: 11.

De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Ten years of sugarbirds in Lydenburg. The Hornbill 41: 32-33.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 12: 12-15.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. Daily movements of Ruffs Philomachus pugnax at Sandveld Nature Reserve, Free State Province, South Africa. Mirafra 12(3&4): 6-8.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. Large numbers of waterfowl at Bloemhof Dam, Sandveld Nature Reserve, Free State Province. Mirafra 12(3&4): 11-12.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. Sightings of interest: Free State region. Mirafra 12(3&4): 14-18.

Nuttall, R. 1995. SAOS conservation update. Birding in SA 47: 105.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. BirdLife International. Birding in SA 47: 46-47.

Nuttall, R.J. 1995. World Birdwatch '95: Report on OFS Ornithological Society activities. Mirafra12(3&4): 22-23.

Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1995. Project Transformation and the future of the SAOS. Mirafra 12: 1-2.

Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1995. "Woodpeckers" invade barbet's home. African Wildlife 49(5): 43-45.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Bergkoesters in die Lesotho Hooglande en omliggende gebiede. Culna 47: 35-36.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Protea subvestita at Qwaqwa National Park. Protea Atlas Newsletter 23: 5.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Gurney's Sugarbird observations in the Lowveld. The Hornbill 39: 6.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Redbilled Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus purpureus at Maselspoort, Bloemfontein, Orange Free State. Mirafra 11: 51-52.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Observations from bird counts in three habitats in the southern OFS. Mirafra11: 52-55.

Nuttall, R.J. 1994. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 11: 17-21.

Nuttall, R.J. 1994. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 11: 32-33.

Nuttall, R.J. 1994. Sightings of interest - Free State region. Mirafra 11: 67-68.

Nuttall, R. 1994. The Quail Finch: now you see it, now you don't. Culna 46: 17-19.

Nuttall, R. 1994. 21st BirdLife International World Conference. Birding in SA 46(4): 115-116.

De Swardt, D.H. 1993. The status of Gurney's Sugarbird in the eastern Orange Free State. Mirafra 10: 2-3.

De Swardt, D.H. 1993. European Sedge Warblers at Loch Athlone Bird Sanctuary, Bethlehem. Mirafra10: 20.

De Swardt, D.H. 1993. Laughing Doves Streptopelia senegalensis breeding on leaf blades of Aloe spectabilisMirafra 10: 50-51.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Birding Big Day 1994 - wedervaringe van die "Modderbeaters" op 'n warm dag! Mirafra 11: 64-66.

De Swardt, D.H. 1994. Birds in Reserves Project (BIRP). Mirafra 11: 75-76.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Vocal imitation of a Sabota Lark Mirafra sabota, with comments on some other species. Mirafra 10: 28-33.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Waterbirds: something to CWAC about. Mirafra 10: 58-59.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. The Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni in the Orange Free State and Lesotho: 1991-1993. Mirafra 10: 39-45.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 10: 56-57.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Whitefaced Owl Otus leucotis at Sandveld Nature Reserve, Orange Free State. Mirafra 10: 66-67.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Notes on birds breeding at Sandveld Nature Reserve, Orange Free State. Mirafra10: 68-70.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Observations at a small pan near Bultfontein, Orange Free State. Mirafra 10: 71-72.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 10: 72-74.

Nuttall, R.J. 1993. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 10: 8-9.

Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1993. Temminck's Courser Cursorius temminckii breeding near Jagersfontein, Orange Free State. Mirafra 10: 57-58.

Nuttall, R.J., Fairman, S., Segeren, P. & Segeren, S. 1993. Baillon's Crake Porzona pusilla in the eastern and southern Orange Free State. Mirafra 10: 51-52.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. 'n Ongewone Rooiborssuikervoël-nes. The Hornbill 28: 21-22.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Birds at Stentor Estates, Kaapmuiden. The Hornbill 28: 31-32.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Birds of the Natal Botanical Gardens. NMBC Newsletter 5: 5.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Greenbacked Herons in the Orange Free State. Mirafra 9: 3-4.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Olive Sunbird breeding at the Natal Botanical Gardens. Albatross 312: 17-18.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Streepkopkanaries "steel" nektar van Aloe maculataMirafra 9: 10.

De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Bird ringing at the Oliewenhuis Gardens - an ongoing programme. Mirafra 9: 6-8.

De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Recent sightings - OFS Atlas region. Mirafra 9: 46-47.

De Swardt, D.H., Schoeman, S. & Linströhm, A. 1992. New sightings for the Lydenburg area. The Hornbill 30: 26-27.

De Swardt, D.H., Van Niekerk, J. & Kotze, A. 1992. Grey Hornbills in the central-western OFS. Mirafra 9: 41-42.

De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 1992. SA Bird Atlas Project. Mirafra 9: 11-12.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. The Lesser Kestrel: an endangered species. Mirafra 9: 50-53.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Bird ringing in southern Africa and the UK: a comparison. Mirafra 9: 61-62.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Birding Big Day 1992. Mirafra 9: 69-70.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Further Grey Hornbill Tockus nasutus sightings: central OFS. Mirafra 9: 44.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Some observations of Fawncoloured Lark Mirafra africanoides behaviour. Mirafra 9: 63-64.

Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Sightings of interest - OFS region. Mirafra 9: 68.

Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1992. Recent sightings - OFS Atlas region. Mirafra 9: 13.

Sanderson-Smith, I. & Nuttall, R.J. 1992. Birds, powder down and windows. Mirafra 9: 13-15.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Palecrowned Cisticola here! Mirafra 8: 25.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Barred Warbler now in the south. Mirafra 8: 26-27.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Die habitat-voorkeure van Roodeplaatdam Natuurreservaat se voëls. Laniarius45: 16-18.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Notes on the status of the Karoo Lark in the southwestern Orange Free State. Mirafra 8: 52.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Jangroentjies in Bloemfontein. Culna 41: 13.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Malachite Sunbirds - a request for information. Mirafra 8: 65-66.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Ongewone waarnemings - OVS-atlasstreek. Mirafra 8: 67.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Regional Reports/Streeksverslae - Orange Free State. SABAP News 11: 1.

De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Regional Reports/Streeksverslae - Orange Free State. SABAP News 12: 6.

De Swardt, D.H. & Bothma, N. 1991. Notes on the nest of Gurney's Sugarbird in the eastern Transvaal. Birding in SA 43: 2-3.

De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 1991. Some new bird distribution records for the southwestern Orange Free State. Mirafra 8: 66-67.

De Swardt, D.H. & Nuttall, R.J. 1991. African Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus baeticatus recaptured in Botswana. Mirafra 16:1.

Nuttall, R.J. 1991. Birding Big Day 1991 - the tale of three travellers. Mirafra 8: 62-65.

Nuttall, R.J. & De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Lilacbreasted Rollers Coracias caudata in the central and southwestern OFS. Mirafra 8: 45.

Schoeman, S. & De Swardt, D.H. 1991. Spotted Crake in Lydenburg. Laniarius 43: 8.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. A partial albino Buffy Pipit. Mirafra 7: 69-70.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Project Report Back: Three years of ringing Gurney's Sugarbirds. Laniarius 39: 26-28.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Spikeheeled Lark breeding at Soetdoring Nature Reserve. Mirafra 7: 107-108.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Redheaded Finch breeding in South African Cliff Swallow nest. Mirafra 7: 108-109.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Notes on the nests of Wailing Cisticola and Spotted Prinia - and other new records. The Hornbill 22: 32-33.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. A new non-slip net attachment and lifting apparatus for erecting mist nets. Safring News 19: 45-47.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Bontrokkie val 'n laksman ten prooi. Mirafra 7: 49.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Is suikervoëls en suikerbekkies verwant? Culna 38: 13-14.

De Swardt, D.H. 1990. Nesrekordkaarte. Mirafra 7: 74-76.

De Swardt, D.H. & Schoeman, S. 1990. Voëlberinging is nie altyd saai nie! The Hornbill 22: 18-19.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. A possible range expansion of the Karoo Chat? Mirafra 6: 43-44.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Observations on a nest of a Secretarybird. Mirafra 6: 112-113.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Streakyheaded Canary breeding at Roodeplaat-dam Nature Reserve - a new record. Laniarius 36: 18.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Ongewone snaweldeformasie by 'n Rooiborsduif. Mirafra 6: 11.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. A Wailing Cisticola caught by a Fiscal Shrike. Mirafra 6: 45.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Anteating Chats at Lydenburg. The Hornbill 16: 19.

De Swardt, D.H. 1989. Letters to the Editor - Corncrakes. The Hornbill 17: 4.

De Swardt, D.H. & Coetzee, J.J. 1989. Observations of Lesser Flamingoes at Roodeplaat Dam Nature Reserve. Laniarius 37: 10-11.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1989. Hoe om 'n parasiet te wees. Deel 2. Mirafra 6: 24-26.

De Swardt, D.H. 1988. A non-slip device for securing guylines to net poles. Safring News 17: 23.

De Swardt, D.H. 1988. Where to bird from Johannesburg - Roodeplaat-dam Nature Reserve. WBC Newssheet 143: 3-4.

De Swardt, D.H. 1988. Breeding of the Redknobbed Coot at Roodeplaat-dam Nature Reserve. Laniarius 34: 14.

De Swardt, D.H. 1988. Unusual mortalities of the South African Cliff Swallow. Mirafra 5: 4.

Earlé, R.A. 1988. Swartnekdobbertjies. Mirafra 5: 36.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. Naguiltjies in my tuin. Mirafra 5: 3.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. Voëls van eenderse vere? Mirafra 5: 46-47.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1988. Hoe om 'n parasiet te wees - deel 1. Mirafra 5: 73-74.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Brooke, R.K. 1988. South African Cliff Swallows overwintering near Bloemfontein. Mirafra 5: 53.

Herholdt, J.J. & Earlé, R.A. 1988. Swift predation by the Barn Owl in Bloemfontein. Mirafra 5: 10.

Du Toit, H. 1987. Spioenasiemetodes oopgevlek. Museum Nuus No. 32.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Swaels voed om neonlig. Mirafra 4: 74.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Slange, swaeltjies en ander staaltjies. Museum Nuus No. 32.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1987. Swaeltjies. SABAP News 2: 3-4.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Birds ringed in Pellissier and Fichardtpark suburbs, Bloemfontein during June 1986 to June 1987. Mirafra 4: 88-90.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Aspects of the breeding biology and social behaviour of the Horus Swift Apus horusMirafra 4: 28-32.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Some notes on the behaviour of the Ludwig's Bustard Neotis ludwigii in the Orange Free State and northern Cape. Mirafra 4: 34-35.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Field notes on the identification of the Botha's Lark, Pinkbilled Lark and Rudd's Lark in the O.F.S., with notes on their habitat. Mirafra 4: 61-62.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Some notes on the general behaviour of the Anteating Chat. Mirafra 4: 63-66.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Observations on the incubation and nestling period of the Pied Starling Spreo bicolor, with notes on nestling growth. Mirafra 4: 75-77.

Herholdt, J.J. 1987. Bird collecting in the south-western OFS. Mirafra 4: 63.

Herholdt, J.J. & Earlé, R.A. 1987. The occurrence of the Crested Barbet, Steelblue Widowfinch and Whitefronted Bee-eaters in the OFS: a possible range extension? Mirafra 4: 51-59.

Earlé, R.A. 1986. Does intraspecific brood parasitism occur in the Cape Sparrow? Bokmakierie 38: 70.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Gedrag van Gevlekte Ooruile by die nes. Mirafra 3: 5.

Earlé, R.A. 1986. Anteating Chat breeding in a suburb. Mirafra 3: 44.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Reproductive output of an urban pair of Cape Wagtails. Mirafra 3: 44-46.

Herholdt, J.J. 1986. South African Cliff Swallow Hirundo spilodera feeding in association with other birds. Bokmakierie 38: 122.

Earlé, R.A. (ed.) 1986. Where to watch birds in the Orange Free State. Bloemfontein: OFS Ornithological Society.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Differences between swallows and swifts. Custos 14(11): 34.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1986. Mossie en mens. Museum Nuus No. 31.

Earlé‚ R.A. & Du Toit, H. 1985. Die Oranje Vrystaat Voëlatlas. Bokmakierie 37: 127-128.

Earlé, R.A. & Du Toit, H. 1985. Lanner Falcon eating Cattle Egret. Mirafra 3: 5.

Earlé‚ R.A. 1985. Die OVS Voëlatlas Projek. Mirafra 2(2): 6-7.

Collections

The Ornithology Collection consists of two parts: skins, skeletons and stomach contents, and ectoparasites.

Ectoparasites

  • Accipitridae
    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Aquilapomarina

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

     Aquila rapax

    1

    2

     

     

     

     

     

    Buteo rufofuscus

    1

     

     

     

     

     

    Buteo buteo

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Elanus caeruleus

    1

     

     

    1

     

     

     

    Gyps africanus

    2

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Melierax canorus

     

    3

     

     

     

     

     

    Micronisus gabar

     

    2

     

     

     

     

     

    Milvus migrans

    19

     

     

     

     

    1

     

    Polemeatus bellicosus

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Torgos tracheliotus

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • Alaudidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Calandrella cinerea   224 
    Calendulauda africanoides    10  
    Calendulauda sabota   11  
    Certhilauda semitorquata1   3  
    Chersomanes albofasciata    5  
    Galerida magnirostris    4  
    Mirafra africana2 1 5  
    Mirafra fasciolata    5  
  • Alcedinidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Alcedo semitorquata2      
  • Anatidae
    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Alopochen aegyptiaca

     

     

     

     2

     

     

     

    Anas smithii

     

     

     

    1

     

     

     

  • Apodidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Apus affinis13 1  1
    Apus barbatus 1 1121
    Apus caffer1      
    Tachymarptis melba101 6   
    Neafrapus boehmi1     1
    Telecanthura ussheri1      
  • Ardeidae
    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Bubulcus ibis

    2

    1

     

     

    2

     

     

    Egretta intermedia

     

     

     

    1

     

     

     

  • Bucerotidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Tockus leucomelas    1  
  • Bucorvidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Bucorvus leadbeateri1   1  
  • Caprimulgidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Caprimulgus europaeus 1     
    Caprimulgus fossii 1  1  
    Caprimulgus pectoralis 2     
  • Charadriidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Charadrius tricollaris     1 
    Vanellus albiceps21  111
    Vanellus armatus1    1 
  • Cisticolidae
    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Camaroptera brachyura

     

     

     

     

     

    2

     

    Cisticola aberrans

     

     

     

     

     

    1

     

    Cisticola aridula

    2

     

     

     

     

    2

     

    Cisticola ayresii

     

     

     

     

     

    2

     

    Cisticola chiniana

    2

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Cisticola fulvicapilla

    2

     

    1

     

    19

     

     

    Cisticola juncidis

     

     

     

     

     

    3

     

    Cisticola subruficapilla

     

     

     

     

    12

     

     

    Cisticola textrix

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Cisticola tinniens

    1

     

     

     

    6

     

     

    Euryptila subcinnamomea

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Malcorus pectoralis

     

     

     

     

    1

    2

     

    Prinia flavicans

    8

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Prinia hypoxantha

    4

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Prinia maculosa

    2

     

     

    3

    3

     

     

    Prinia subflava

    1

     

     

     

     

    1

     

  • Coliidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Colius colius1      
    Urocolius indicus 1     
  • Columbidae
    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Columba guinea

    1

    2

     

     

    3

     

     

    Columba livia

    1

    3

     

     

     

     

     

    Streptopelia capicola

    1

    3

     

     

    1

     

     

    Streptopelia semitorquata

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Streptopelia senegalensis

     

    3

     

     

     

     

     

    Turtur tymanistra

     

     

     

     

    1

     

     

  • Coraciidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Coracias caudata 1     
  • Cuculidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Chrysococcyx caprius1      
  • Dacelonidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Halcyon albiventris2      
  • Dendrocygnidae
    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Dendrocygna viduata

     

     

     

    1

     

     

     

    Thalassornis leuconotis

    2

     

     

    3

     

     

     

  • Dicruridae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Dicrurus adsimilis    1  
  • Estrildidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Granatina granatina11  111
    Lagonosticta rhodopareia     2 
    Lagonosticta senegala 1   1 
    Ortygospiza atricollis     1 
    Pytilia melba1 1 14 
    Uraeginthus angolensis11  21 
  • Falconidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Falco biarmicus2      
    Falco chiquera 1     
    Falco naumanni3      
    Falco rupicoloides51     
    Falco tinnunculus1      
  • Fringillidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Crithagra albogularis    3  
    Crithagra atrogularis    10  
    Crithagra flaviventris    13 
    Crithagra gularis    23 
    Emberiza capensis   1 1 
    Emberiza flaviventris3      
    Emberiza impetuani1 1     
    Emberiza tahapisi     1 
    Serinus alario    1  
    Serinus canicollis     1 
  • Hirundinidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Hirundo abyssinica 1   1 
    Hirundo albigularis 1     
    Hirundo cucullata 2 1 8 
    Hirundo dimidiata     1 
    Hirundo fuligula 1     
    Hirundo rustica 2   2 
    Hirundo semirufa     3 
    Hirundo smithii     1 
    Hirundo spilodera132823424316
    Psalidoprocne holomelas 1     
    Riparia cincta     1 
    Riparia paludicola24  1172
  • Indicatoridae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Indicator minor1     1
  • Laniidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Corvinella melanoleuca    1  
    Lanius collaris7  1  
  • Lybiidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Lybius torquatus1      
    Trachyphonus vaillantii1   1  
    Tricholaema leucomelas8    1 
  • Malaconotidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Apalis thoracica     1 
    Batis pririt6   1  
    Dryoscopus cubla    2  
    Laniarius atrococcineus3 12 10 
    Nilaus afer    1  
    Platysteira peltata     1 
    Tchagra australis7   18  
    Telophorus zeylonus    4  
  • Meropidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Merops bullockoides1      
  • Motacillidae
    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Anthus cinnamomeus

     

     

     

     

    3

     

     

    Anthus crenatus

     

     

     

     

    12

     

     

    Anthus leucophrys

     

     

     

     

    2

     

     

    Anthus similis

     

     

     

     

    5

     

     

    Macronyx capensis

     

     

     

     

    4

    2

     

    Motacilla capensis

     

     

     

     

    2

    1

    1

  • Muscicapidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Bradornis mariquensis    4  
    Bradornis pammelaina    1  
    Cercomela familiaris    61 
    Cercomela schlegii    1  
    Cercomela sinuata    91 
    Cercotrichas coryphoeus1   10  
    Cercotrichas paena2      
    Cossypha caffra    84 
    Cossypha heuglini     1 
    Cossypha dichroa    1  
    Monticola brevipes   11  
    Monticola rupestris    3  
    Oenanthe monticola    10  
    Saxicola torquatus    6  
    Sigelus silens    3  
    Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris    1  
    Turdus smithi    74 
  • Nectariniidae
    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Chalcomitra amethystina

     

     

     

     

     

    1

     

    Cinnyris afer

     

     

     

     

    1

    3

     

    Cinnyris talatala

     

     

     

     

    1

    1

     

    Nectarinia famosa

    1

     

     

     

    5

    14

    2

  • Numididae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Numida meleagris1      
  • Other families
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Gallus domesticus1      
    Gallus gallus  1    
  • Otidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Afrotis afraoides 2     
    Neotis ludwigii   3   
  • Paridae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Anthoscopus minutus 1     
    Parus afer    1  
    Parus cinerascens1   9  
  • Passeridae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Passer diffusus     2 
    Passer melanurus32     
    Petronia superciliaris    12 
  • Phalacrocoracidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Anhinga rufa   3   
    Phalacrocoax africanus1   1   
  • Phasianidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Coturnix coturnix      1
    Pternistis natalensis    1  
    Scleroptila africanus1      
    Scleroptila levaillantoides1      
  • Phoenicopteridae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Phoenicaias minor1      
  • Picidae
    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Geocolaptes olivaceus

    3

     

    1

    1

     

     

     

    Jynx ruficollis

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • Ploceidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Euplectes afer    1  
    Euplectes capensis1      
    Euplectes orix    3  
    Euplectes progne     1 
    Philetairus socius31 1 1 
    Plocepasser mahali2   1  
    Ploceus capensis    1  
    Ploceus velatus   131 
    Quelea quelea    2  
    Sporopipes squamifrons     32
  • Promeropidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Promerops gurneyi21  626 
  • Pteroclidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Pterocles namaqua      1
  • Pycnonotidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Lioptilus nigricapillus     1 
    Phyllastrephus terrestris 1     
    Pycnonotus nigricans   112 
    Pycnonotus tricolor2    1 
  • Rhinopomastidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Rhinopomastus cyanomelas3      
  • Sagittariidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Sagittarius serpentarius1      
  • Strigidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Bubo lacteus1   1  
  • Sturnidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Creatophora cinerea 1  12 
    Lamprotornis australis    1  
    Lamprotornis nitens2    1 
    Onychognathus morio1  111 
    Spreo bicolor4    1 
  • Sylviidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Acrocephalus baeticatus1      
    Acrocephalus palustris     1 
    Eremomela gregalis3      
    Eremomela icteropygialis1   1  
    Parisoma layardi   131 
    Parisoma subcaeruleum     12 
    Stenostira scita    1  
    Sylvia comminus    1  
    Sylvietta rufescens    1  
  • Threskiornthidae
    SPECIES

    Feather Louse

    Louse fly

    Flea

    Other

    Ticks

    Feather Mite

    Mite

    Platalea alba

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     
    Bostrychia hagedash

    1

     

     

     

     

     

     
    Threskiornis aethiopicus

     

     

     

    1

     

     

     
  • Tytonidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Tyto alba1      
  • Upupidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Upupa africana2      
  • Viduidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Vidua chalybeata    1  
  • Zosteropidae
    SPECIESFeather LouseLouse flyFleaOtherTicksFeather MiteMite
    Zosterops pallidus1   1   

Skins, skeletons, stomach contents and tissue samples

  • Accipitridae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Accipiter badius

    2

    1

     

     

    Accipiter rufiventris

     

    2

     

    1

    Accipiter minullus

     

    1

     

    1

    Accipiter tachiro

     

    1

     

     

    Accipiter melanoleucus

     

    1

     

    1

    Aquila verreauxii

    6

    2

     

     

    Aquila pomarina

     

    1

     

     

    Aquila rapax

    1

    4

     

    1

    Aquila spilogaster

     

    1

     

     

    Terathopius ecadatus

     

    1

     

     

    Buteo rufofuscus

    3

    8

    5

    2

    Buteo vulpinus

    7

    12

     

    2

    Circus maurus

     

    1

     

     

    Circaetus cinereus

    4

     

     

     

    Elanus caeruleus

    14

    9

    2

    1

    Gypaetus barbatus

     

    1

     

     

    Gyps africanus

    2

    2

     

     

    Gyps coprotheres

    13

    3

     

     

    Melierax canorus

    5

    2

     

     

    Milvus migrans

    1

    1

     

     

    Micronisus gabar

     

    1

    1

    1

    Polemaetus bellicosus

    1

    3

     

     

    Polyboroides typus

     

    2

     

     

  • Alaudidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Calandrella cinerea

    17

    41

    16

    2

    Calendulauda africanoides

    11

    37

    17

    9

    Calendulauda sabota

    17

    73

    32

    14

    Calendulauda albescens

     

    1

    1

    1

    Certhilauda brevirostris

    1

     

     

     

    Certhilauda semitorquata

    3

    12

    8

    1

    Certhilauda subcoronata

     

    1

     

     

    Chersomanes albofasciata

    17

    64

    16

    10

    Eremopterix australis

     

    1

     

     

    Eremopterix leucotis

    4

    13

    1

    1

    Eremopterix verticalis

    18

    25

    7

    2

    Galerida magnirostris

    8

    22

    10

    4

    Heteromirafra ruddi

     

    2

     

     

    Mirafra africana

    8

    14

    7

    2

    Mirafra cheniana

    9

    28

     

     

    Mirafra fasciolata

    7

    50

    32

    15

    Mirafra passerina

     

    1

     

     

    Spizocorys conirostris

    7

    21

    7

    1

    Spizocorys fringillaris

    3

    8

     

     

    Spizocorys starki

    2

    4

     

     

  • Alcedinidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Alcedo cristata

    5

    14

    2

    7

    Alcedo semitorquata

    1

    2

     

    1

  • Anatidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Alopochen aegyptiaca

    6

    3

    3

    9

    Anas erythrorhyncha

    29

    2

     

    5

    Anas hottentota

     

    1

     

     

    Anas smithii

    10

     

    1

    2

    Anas undulata

    11

    4

    6

    12

    Netta erythrophthalma

    3

    2

    5

    5

    Plectropterus gambensis

    1

    1

     

    1

    Tadorna cana

    16

    2

    1

    1

  • Anhingidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Anhinga rufa

    1

    1

     

    1

  • Apodidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Apus affinis

    28

    25

    5

    2

    Apus apus

    7

    26

    22

     

    Apus barbatus

    2

    6

    1

    1

    Apus caffer

    9

    11

    4

    4

    Apus horus

    13

    3

     

     

    Cypsiurus parvus

     

    1

     

     

    Neafrapus boehmi

    1

     

     

     

    Tachymarptis melba

    10

    5

     

     

  • Ardeidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Ardea cinerea

    5

    1

    1

     

    Ardea goliath

    1

    2

     

     

    Ardea melanocephala

    2

    5

     

     

    Ardea purpurea

     

    1

     

     

    Ardeola ralloides

    1

    3

     

     

    Bubulcus ibis

    9

    12

    2

     

    Egretta ardesiaca

    1

     

     

     

    Egretta garzetta

    3

    2

     

     

    Egretta intermedia

    5

    4

     

    1

    Ixobrychus minutus

     

    1

     

     

    Nycticorax nycticorax

     

    4

     

     

  • Bucerotidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Tockus erythrorhynchus

    1

     

     

     

    Tockus leucomelas

    10

    6

    3

     

  • Burhinidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Burhinus capensis

    8

    7

    3

    2

  • Caprimulgidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Caprimulgus europaeus

    6

    2

    2

    1

    Caprimulgus pectoralis

     

    1

     

     

    Caprimulgus fossii

    3

     

     

     

    Caprimulgus rufigena

    14

    11

    13

    6

    Caprimulgus tristigma

    2

     

     

     

  • Centropodidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLE

    Centropus burchellii

    1

    1

    1

     

  • Cerylidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Ceryle rudis

    1

     

     

     

  • Chaetopidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Chaetops aurantius

     

    1

     

     

    Chaetops frenatus

     

    1

     

     

  • Charadriidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Charadrius hiaticula

    1

     

     

     

    Charadrius pecuarius

    4

    6

    3

    2

    Charadrius tricollaris

    4

    11

    5

    2

    Vanellus armatus

    11

    7

     

     

    Vanellus coronatus

    7

    7

    2

    2

    Vanellus senegallus

     

    1

     

     

  • Ciconiidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Ciconia abdimii

    3

    1

     

     

    Ciconia ciconia

    9

    2

    1

     

  • Cisticolidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Apalis flavida

    1

     

     

    2

    Apalis thoracica

    4

     

     

    4

    Apalis ruddi

     

    1

     

     

    Calamonastes fasciolatus

    4

    10

    7

    6

    Camaroptera brachyura

    1

     

     

    5

    Cisticola aberrans

     

    1

    1

    1

    Cisticola aridula

    2

    21

    13

    9

    Cisticola ayresii

     

    8

    5

     

    Cisticola chiniana

     

    10

    8

    10

    Cisticola rufilatus

     

    1

    1

     

    Cisticola fulvicapilla

    17

    54

    38

    28

    Cisticola cinnamomeus

     

    5

    1

     

    Cisticola juncidis

    2

    7

    4

    4

    Cisticola lais

    8

    29

    18

    10

    Cisticola subruficapilla

    15

    73

    41

    14

    Cisticola textrix

    3

    16

    13

    6

    Cisticola tinniens

    10

    20

    7

    2

    Malcorus pectoralis

    13

    46

    28

    11

    Phragmacia substriata

    3

    9

    3

    1

    Prinia flavicans

    13

    63

    51

    23

    Prinia hypoxantha

    2

    27

    23

    3

    Prinia maculosa

    11

    71

    45

    9

    Prinia subflava

     

    1

     

     

  • Coliidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Colius colius

    22

    38

    17

    10

    Colius striatus

    9

    37

    15

    6

    Urocolius indicus

    18

    28

    9

    11

  • Columbidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Alopelia larvata

     

    1

    1

    2

    Columba arquatrix

    3

     

    1

    1

    Columba guinea

    31

    16

    14

    3

    Columba livia

    3

    5

    1

     

    Oena capensis

    17

    25

    13

    9

    Streptopelia capicola

    5

    16

    3

    5

    Streptopelia semitorquata

    7

    6

    1

    1

    Streptopelia senegalensis

    37

    25

    7

    8

    Treron calvus

    1

     

     

     

    Turtur chalcospilos

    2

     

     

    2

    Turtur tympanistra

    1

    3

    4

    4

  • Coraciidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Coracais caudatus

    10

    10

    2

    3

    Coracias garrulus

    1

    1

     

     

  • Corvidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Corvus albicollis

    2

     

     

     

    Corvus albus

    2

    2

    1

     

    Corvus capensis

    3

     

     

     

  • Cuculidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Chrysococcyx caprius

    5

    21

    10

    6

    Chrysococcyx klaas

     

    1

    1

     

    Clamator glandarius

     

    1

     

     

    Clamator jacobinus

    1

    2

    4

    3

    Cuculus gularis

     

    2

    1

    2

    Cuculus canorus

    1

    1

     

     

    Cuculus solitarius

    1

    4

    1

     

  • Dacelonidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Halcyon albiventris

    4

    8

    2

    5

    Halcyon leucocephala

     

    1

     

     

    Ispidina picta

    1

    1

     

     

    Megaceryle maximus

    2

    2

     

     

  • Dendrocygnidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Dendrocygna bicolor

    3

     

     

     

    Dendrocygna viduata

    2

    1

    2

    4

    Thalassornis leuconotus

    2

    2

    1

    1

  • Dicruridae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Dicrurus adsimilis

    7

    17

    10

    19

  • Estrildidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Amadina erythrocephala

    20

    12

    6

    3

    Estrilda astrild

    2

    25

    8

    4

    Estrilda erythronotos

    8

    9

    3

     

    Coccopygia melanotis

    2

    2

    1

     

    Granatina granatina

    6

    20

    10

    6

    Lagonosticta rhodopareia

    3

    5

    4

    6

    Lagonosticta rubricata

    2

    2

     

    1

    Lagonosticta senegala

    20

    16

    6

    7

    Mandingoa nitidula

    2

     

     

     

    Ortygospiza atricollis

    2

    7

    4

    1

    Pytilia melba

    9

    16

    6

    19

    Spermestes bicolor

    2

    1

     

    1

    Spermestes cucullatus

    1

    4

    3

    2

    Spermestes fringilloides

     

    9

    9

    9

    Sporaeginthus subflavus

     

    3

    3

     

    Uraeginthus angoliensis

    10

    21

    12

    8

  • Falconidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Falco amurensis

    2

    7

    4

    2

    Falco biarmicus

    4

    5

     

     

    Falco naumanni

    52

    58

    2

    2

    Falco rupicoloides

    4

     

    1

     

    Falco rupicolus

    2

    2

     

    1

    Falco subbuteo

     

    1

     

     

    Polihierax semitorquatus

    3

    3

     

     
  • Fringillidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Crithagra albogularis

    3

    20

    5

     

    Crithagra atrogularis

    22

    32

    14

    16

    Crithagra flaviventris

    40

    32

    16

    17

    Crithagra gularis

    3

    16

    6

    6

    Crithagra mozambicus

    3

     

     

     

    Crithagra sulphuratus

     

    3

    2

    2

    Crithagra scotops

    2

    1

    4

    5

    Emberiza capensis

    20

    81

    49

    22

    Emberiza flaviventris

    6

    12

    10

    8

    Emberiza impetuani

    41

    38

    20

    14

    Emberiza tahapisi

    8

    38

    26

    15

    Serinus alario

    1

    4

    4

    1

    Serinus canicollis

    13

    21

    9

    5

  • Glareolidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Cursorius rufus

    3

     

     

     

    Cursorius temminckii

    1

    1

     

     

    Glareola nordmanni

    7

    3

     

    1

    Rhinoptilus africanus

    7

    8

    4

    2

  • Gruidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Balearica regulorum

     

    1

     

     

    Anthropoides paradiseus

    2

     

     

     

  • Haematopodidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Haematopus moquini

    1

     

     

     

  • Hirundinidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Delichon urbicum

    9

    4

     

     

    Hirundo abyssinica

    3

     

     

     

    Hirundo albigularis

    4

    1

    2

    2

    Hirundo cucullata

    9

    23

    7

    3

    Hirundo dimidiata

    4

    5

    5

    7

    Hirundo fuligula

    1

    7

    1

     

    Hirundo rustica

    39

    30

    36

    2

    Hirundo semirufa

    6

    7

    2

    2

    Hirundo spilodera

    50

    10

    2

     

    Psalidoprocne holomelaena

    2

     

     

     

    Riparia cincta

    2

    8

    5

    2

    Riparia paludicola

    12

    5

    1

     

  • Indicatoridae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Indicator indicator

    2

    7

    5

    4

    Indicator minor

    2

    13

    9

    9

    Prodotiscus regulus

     

    2

    1

     

  • Laniidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Corvinella melanoleuca

    8

    18

    10

    6

    Lanius collaris

    28

    38

    4

    11

    Lanius collurio

    3

    7

    5

    2

    Lanius minor

    3

    3

    1

    2

  • Laridae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Chlidonias leucopterus

    9

    10

     

     

    Chlidonias hybrida

     

    1

    1

     

    Larus cirrocephalus

    6

    3

     

     

    Larus dominicanus

    1

     

     

     

    Larus hartlaubii

    1

     

     

     

    Larus sabini

    1

     

     

     

    Sterna caspia

     

    1

     

     

    Sterna bergii

    1

     

     

     

    Sterna dougallii

    1

     

     

     

    Sterna hirundo

     

    1

     

     

  • Lybiidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    Lybius torquatus

    6

    11

    7

    3

    Trachyphonus vaillantii

    8

    15

    10

    13

    Pogoniulus pussilus

     

     

     

    2

    Tricholaema leucomelas

    20

    31

    10

    25

  • Malaconotidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Batis capensis

    3

    8

    2

    9

    Batis molitor

    2

    8

    6

    8

    Batis pririt

    18

    60

    46

    24

    Chlorophoneus olivaceus

     

     

     

    2

    Chlorophoneus sulfureopectus

     

     

     

    1

    Dryoscopus cubla

    1

    1

     

    4

    Laniarius atrococcineus

    7

    21

    10

    10

    Laniarius ferrugineus

    1

    5

    7

    18

    Nilaus afer

    5

    18

    16

    9

    Malaconotus blanchoti

     

     

     

    1

    Tchagra australis

    6

    31

    25

    22

    Tchagratchagra

     

     

     

    2

    Telophorus olivaceus

    2

     

     

     

    Telophorus zeylonus

    11

    29

    17

    10

    Prionops plumatus

    1

     

     

     

  • Meropidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Merops apiaster

    9

    5

    2

    3

    Merops bullockoides

    18

    16

    13

    8

    Merops hirundineus

    2

    12

    9

    6

    Merops persicus

    5

    7

     

     

    Merops pusillus

    4

    1

    1

    1

  • Monarchidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Terpsiphone viridis

    4

    4

    3

    4

  • Motacillidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Anthus chloris

     

    1

     

     

    Anthus cinnamomeus

    22

    58

    23

    8

    Anthus crenatus

    1

    23

    15

    11

    Anthus hoeschi

     

    2

     

     

    Anthus leucophrys

    4

    18

    7

    6

    Anthus similis

    3

    39

    31

    13

    Anthus vaalensis

    2

    15

    6

    1

    Macronyx capensis

    12

    21

    9

    5

    Motacilla aguimp

    2

    1

    1

    1

    Motacilla capensis

    3

    14

    10

    3

  • Muscicapidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Bradornis infuscatus

    6

    11

    7

    5

    Bradornis mariquensis

    7

    23

    14

    12

    Bradornis pammelaina

    1

     

     

     

    Cercomela familiaris

    10

    49

    37

    18

    Cercomela schlegelii

     

    2

     

     

    Cercomela sinuata

    8

    46

    18

    5

    Cercomela tractrac

     

    1

    1

    1

    Cercotrichas coryphoeus

    17

    92

    48

    25

    Cercotrichas leucophrys

     

    1

     

    8

    Cercotrichas paena

    13

    79

    62

    38

    Cercotrichas signata

     

     

     

    2

    Cossypha caffra

    19

    51

    22

    38

    Cossypha dichroa

    1

    2

    1

    3

    Cossypha natalensis

     

    2

     

    2

    Cossypha humeralis

    1

     

     

     

    Monticola brevipes

    3

    9

    8

    6

    Monticola explorator

    1

    2

     

     

    Monticola rupestris

    1

    16

    7

    4

    Muscicapa adusta

     

     

     

    2

    Muscicapa striata

    3

    11

    5

    7

    Myrmecocichla formicivora

    27

    35

    13

    10

    Oenanthe bifasciata

     

    16

    7

    4

    Oenanthe monticola

    7

    23

    12

    5

    Oenanthe pileata

    3

    8

    1

     

    Pogonocichla stellata

    1

     

     

     

    Psophocichla litsitsirupa

    4

    6

    3

     

    Saxicola torquatus

    8

    39

    24

    12

    Sigelus silens

    21

    29

    20

    23

    Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris

    1

    9

    6

    2

    Turdus libonyanus

    1

    1

     

    1

    Turdus olivaceus

    1

    3

    1

    10

    Turdus smithi

    26

    27

    2

    9

    Zootera gurneyi

    2

     

     

     

  • Musophagidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Corythaixoides concolor

    1

    1

     

     

    Tauraco corythaix

    5

     

     

     

  • Nectariniidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Chalcomitra amethystina

    2

    3

     

    7

    Cinnyris afer

     

    1

     

    5

    Cinnyris chalybeus

     

    2

     

    3

    Cinnyris fuscus

    2

    5

     

     

    Cinnyris talatala

    3

    9

    2

    5

    Cyanomitra olivacea

     

    5

     

    3

    Cyanomitra veroxii

     

     

     

    2

    Hedydipna collaris

    1

     

     

    3

    Nectarinia famosa

    3

    47

    10

    12

  • Numbidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Numida meleagris

    12

    6

    1

    2

  • Oriolidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Oriolus oriolus

     

    1

     

     

    Oriolus larvatus

    1

     

     

     

  • Other families
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Erythura gouldiae

     

    1

     

     

    Geopelia cuneata

     

    1

    1

     

    Poephila guttata

    1

    1

    1

     

    Selasphorus sasin

     

    1

     

     

    Taeniopygia guttata

     

    1

     

     

    Aechmophorus occidentalis

    2

     

     

     

    Agapornis fischeri

    1

     

     

     

    Anas carolinensis

    1

     

     

     

    Bambycilla credrorum

    1

     

     

     

    Branta canadensis

    1

     

     

     

    Bubo virginianus

    2

     

     

     

    Buteo jamaicensis

    2

     

     

     

    Catharus ustulatus

    1

     

     

     

    Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

    1

     

     

     

    Corvus bracyhrhynchos

    1

     

     

     

    Cygnus atratus

    4

     

     

     

    Empidonax difficillis

    1

     

     

     

    Euphagus cyanocephalus

    1

     

     

     

    Falco sparverius

    2

     

     

     

    Fulmarus glacialis

    1

     

     

     

    Gavia arctica

    1

     

     

     

    Larus californicus

    2

     

     

     

    Melanerpes formicivorus

    1

     

     

     

    Melospiza melodia

    1

     

     

     

    Mimus polyglottus

    1

     

     

     

    Molothrus ater

    2

     

     

     

    Oxyura jamaicensis

    1

     

     

     

    Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

    3

     

     

     

    Phalaropus fulicarius

    2

     

     

     

    Phalaropus lobatus

    1

     

     

     

    Porzana carolina

    1

     

     

     

    Puffinus griseus

    1

     

     

     

    Serinus canaria

    1

     

     

     

    Uria aalge

    2

     

     

     

    Zonotrichia atricapilla

    2

     

     

     

  • Otidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Afrotis afra

    1

     

     

     

    Afrotis afraoides

    17

    18

    2

    1

    Ardeotis kori

    2

     

     

     

    Eupodotis caerulescens

    5

    0

    1

    1

    Eupodotis melanogaster

     

    1

     

     

    Eupodotis vigorsii

    1

     

     

     

    Lissotis ruficrista

    2

     

     

    1

    Neotis ludwigii

    6

    2

     

     

  • Paridae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Parus afer

    5

    9

    4

    1

    Parus cinerascens

    11

    41

    28

    26

    Parus niger

    1

    2

     

     

    Anthoscopus minutus

    3

    40

    20

    10

  • Passeridae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Passer diffusus

    14

    32

    7

    19

    Passer domesticus

    18

    6

    2

     

    Passer melanurus

    57

    18

     

    2

    Petronia superciliaris

    1

    8

    7

    3

  • Phalacrocoracidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Phalacrocorax africanus

    4

    7

     

    3

    Phalacrocorax capensis

    1

     

     

     

    Phalacrocorax lucidus

    1

    1

     

     

  • Phasianidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Coturnix coturnix

    5

    8

    2

    2

    Coturnix delegorguei

    1

     

     

     

    Dendroperdix sephaena

    1

     

     

     

    Peliperdix coqui

    2

     

     

     

    Pternistis adspersus

    2

     

     

     

    Pternistis natalensis

    1

     

    1

    1

    Pternistis swainsonii

    2

    5

    3

    2

    Scleroptila africanus

    1

    3

     

     

    Scleroptila levaillantoides

    7

    10

    1

     

  • Phoenicopteridae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Phoenicopterus minor

    6

    2

     

     

    Phoenicopterus ruber

    5

    4

     

     

  • Phoeniculidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Phoeniculus purpureus

     

    7

    7

    4

  • Picidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    Campethera abingoni

    3

    2

    2

    3

    Dendropicos fuscescens

    2

    10

    5

    13

    Dendropicos griseocephalus

    2

    2

     

     

    Dendropicos namaquus

     

     

     

    1

    Geocolaptes olivaceus

    5

    23

    11

    2

    Jynx ruficollis

     

    10

    7

    7

  • Ploceidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Anaplectes rubriceps

    1

     

     

    1

    Bubalornis niger

    1

    1

    1

     

    Euplectes afer

    10

    24

    20

    5

    Euplectes ardens

     

    5

    7

    2

    Euplectes albonotatus

    1

    1

    3

    5

    Euplectes axillaris

    4

    7

    8

     

    Euplectes capensis

     

    4

    8

    4

    Euplectes orix

    36

    36

    33

    6

    Euplectes progne

    9

    19

    28

    3

    Philetairus socius

    53

    32

    54

    12

    Plocepasser mahali

    21

    34

    32

    11

    Ploceus bicolor

     

     

     

    2

    Ploceus capensis

    10

    14

    16

    3

    Ploceus intermedius

    3

     

    3

     

    Ploceus ocularis

    4

     

    1

    4

    Ploceus subaureus

    1

    1

     

    2

    Ploceus velatus

    69

    59

    34

    35

    Ploceus xanthops

    1

     

    1

     

    Quelea quelea

    33

    35

    31

    8

    Sporopipes squamifrons

    21

    29

    25

    19

  • Podicipedidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Podiceps nigricollis

    1

    3

     

     

    Tachybaptus ruficollis

    3

    6

    1

    1

  • Procellariidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Pachyptila desolata

    1

     

     

     

    Procellaria aequinoctiales

    1

     

     

     

    Puffinus griseus

    1

     

     

     

  • Promeropidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Promerops cafer

    1

    5

    1

     

    Promerops gurneyi

    6

    14

    1

     

  • Psittacidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Agapornis roseicollis

     

    1

     

     

    Psittacula krameri

     

    2

    1

    1

  • Pteroclidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Pterocles bicinctus

    2

     

     

     

    Pterocles burchelli

     

    1

     

     

    Pterocles namaqua

    17

    13

    1

     

  • Pycnonotidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Andropadus importunus

    2

    1

    1

    13

    Chlorocichla flaviventris

    2

     

     

    8

    Phyllastrephus flavostriatus

    2

     

     

     

    Phyllastrephus terrestris

    1

     

     

    8

    Pycnonotus capensis

     

    2

     

     

    Pycnonotus nigricans

    46

    25

    9

    29

    Pycnonotus tricolor

    9

    24

    15

    30

  • Rallidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Amaurornis flavirostris

    1

    1

     

     

    Crex crex

    1

    3

     

     

    Fulica cristata

    11

    3

     

     

    Gallinula chloropus

    4

    4

     

     

    Porphyrio madagascariensis

    1

    3

     

     

    Sarothrura elegans

    5

    1

    2

     

  • Recurvirostridae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Himantopus himantopus

    11

    3

     

     

    Recurvirostra avosetta

    7

    3

     

     

  • Rhinopomastidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Rhinopomastus cyanomelas

    8

    19

    16

    13

  • Rostratulidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Rostratula benghalensis

     

    1

     

     

  • Sagittariidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Sagittarius serpentarius

    7

    1

     

     

  • Scolopacidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Actitis hypoleucos

    3

     

     

     

    Calidris ferruginea

    8

    1

     

     

    Calidris minuta

    7

    2

     

     

    Philomachus pugnax

    8

    3

     

     

    Tringa glareola

    4

    3

     

     

    Tringa nebularia

    1

     

    1

    1

    Tringa stagnatilis

    4

     

     

     

  • Scopidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Scopus umbretta

    2

    1

    2

    2

  • Spheniscidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Spheniscus demersus

    1

     

     

     

  • Strigidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Asio capensis

    6

    11

     

     

    Bubo africanus

    37

    15

    5

    1

    Bubo capensis

    3

    2

    1

     

    Bubo lacteus

     

    1

     

     

    Otis senegalensis

     

    1

     

     

  • Struthionidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Struthio camelus

    2

     

     

     

  • Sturnidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Acridotheres tristis

    6

    4

     

     

    Cinnyricinclus leucogaster

    1

    1

     

    1

    Creatophora cinerea

    21

    24

    7

    4

    Lamprotornis australis

    1

     

     

     

    Lamprotornis chalybaeus

    1

     

    1

     

    Lamprotornis nitens

    13

    13

    7

    6

    Onychognathus morio

    4

    16

    3

    1

    Onychognathus nabouroup

    3

    1

     

     

    Notopholia corruscus

     

    1

     

    1

    Spreo bicolor

    18

    14

    3

    4

    Sturnus vulgaris

    7

    8

    1

     

  • Sulidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Morus capensis

    1

     

     

     

  • Sylviidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Lioptilus nigricapillus

     

    1

    1

     

    Acrocephalus arundinaceus

    1

    2

    1

     

    Acrocephalus baeticatus

    6

    12

    6

    2

    Acrocephalus gracillirostris

    4

    2

    1

     

    Acrocephalus palustris

     

    1

     

     

    Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

    1

    2

    1

     

    Bradypterus barratti

     

    1

    3

    2

    Eremomela icteropygialis

    12

    36

    25

    12

    Eremomela gregalis

    1

     

     

     

    Hippolais icterina

     

     

     

    3

    Lioptilus nigricapillus

     

     

     

    1

    Parisoma layardi

    20

    58

    43

    22

    Parisoma subcaeruleum

    32

    71

    54

    31

    Phylloscopus trochilus

    3

    13

    7

    8

    Phylloscopus ruficapilla

     

    1

     

     

    Sphenoeacus afer

     

    4

    4

    1

    Sylvia communis

    1

    2

     

    1

    Sylvietta rufescens

    9

    23

    17

    15

    Stenostira scita

    10

    35

    32

    15

    Turdoides jardineii

     

     

     

    1

  • Threskiornthidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Bostrychia hagedash

    3

    6

    3

    4

    Geronticus calvus

    3

    1

     

     

    Platalea alba

    3

    1

     

     

    Plegadis falcinellus

    2

    2

     

     

    Threskiornis aethiopicus

    4

    4

     

    1

  • Trogonidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Apaloderma narina

     

    1

     

     

  • Turnicidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Turnix sylvaticus

    2

    4

    6

    3

  • Tytonidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Tyto alba

    19

    8

     

    1

    Tyto capensis

    2

    1

     

     

  • Upupidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Upupa africana

    8

    7

    7

    3

  • Viduidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Vidua chalybeata

    2

    14

    14

    6

    Vidua funerea

    1

     

    1

     

    Vidua macroura

    1

    16

    10

    3

    Vidua paradisaea

    1

    8

    8

    6

    Vidua regia

    3

    5

    7

    4

  • Zosteropidae
    SPECIES

    NR OF SKELETONS

    NR OF SKINS

    STOMACH CONTENTS

    TISSUE SAMPLES

    Zosterops pallidus

    35

    178

    26

    39

    Zosterops virens

    11

    160

    44

    59

Links

Links to other institutions and Projects

South African Bird Ringing Unit (SAFRING) - www.safring.adu.org.za/safring

Southern African Bird Atlas Project 2 (SABAP2) - www.sabap2.adu.org.za

Percy Fitzpatrick Institute of African Ornithology (PFIAO) - www.web.uct.ac.za/depts/fitzpatrick

BirdLife South AFrica - www.birdlife.co.za

Migrating Kestrel Project - www.kestreling.com

Birds of Prey Working Group - www.ewt.org.za/workingroups

Animal Demography Unit Virtual Museum - http://vmus.adu.org.za/

Biodiversity Observations - http://oo.adu.org.za/index.php

Loan Policy

The acceptance of material on loan implies that the following conditions have been accepted:

  • Loan material must be handled with the utmost care and must be securely packed for return by insured or registered mail.
  • National Museum specimens described as holotypes, paratypes, allotypes or some other category or type, or used to supplement the description of a new taxon or the redescription of an existing species, are to be clearly labeled as such, and must be returned.
  • All labels and numbers given to specimens/objects must be retained and under no circumstances should any of these be discarded or altered. Where applicable the catalogue numbers of specimens/objects must be given in descriptions.
  • The National Museum must be credited in any publication when referring to this material. At least two copies of any such publication must be sent to this Museum.
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