Acarology

Acarology

The Study of Mites


The Acarology Department (study of mites) came into existence as an independent department at the National Museum in 1969. Prof. R. van Pletzen, former Head of Zoology at the University of the Free State, started oribatid mite taxonomy research at the university. One of his students, Dr C.M. Engelbrecht, took up a post at the National Museum in 1969 and continued the research at the Museum. The research focus at the University changed and the collection of specimens and literature was donated to the Museum. Dr Engelbrecht collected widely throughout South Africa, augmenting the collection fourfold. Research is mainly focussed on taxonomy of Oribatida.

WHAT ARE ORIBATID MITES?
Oribatid mites, also known as soil mites or moss mites, belong to the Class Arachnida, Subclass Acari, Suborder Oribatida (=Cryptostigmata). They range in size from 0.3 – 0.7 mm (with extremes from 0.15 – 2 mm) and occur mainly in the top layer of soil and plant litter, where they occur in large numbers. Abundance and diversity of oribatids vary greatly according to soil conditions. Certain species are also adapted to live on plants, in mosses and lichens and in the marine littoral zone. Soil mites are mostly particle-feeding saprophages (feeding on decaying organic matter) and mycophages (fungus-eating), thereby playing an important role in decomposition of organic material, soil fertility, nutrient cycling and soil formation.

News

Acarologists appointed Research Associates

Acarologists appointed as Research Associates

11 January 2017
Drs Louise Coetzee (left) and Lizel Hugo-Coetzee have been appointed Research Associates in the Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences at the Univeristy of the Free State.  They will be collaborating with the Department of Zoology and Entomology.


EURAAC in Valencia, Spain

10 January 2017
Dr Lizel Hugo-Coetzee attended the 8th symposium of the European Association of Acarologists (EURAAC) in Valencia, Spain in July. There were 140 delegates from 33 countries. Topics included mite taxonomy, ecology, biological control, climate change, invasions and forensics. The title of Lizel’s presentation was Distribution patterns of microarthropods on sub-Antarctic Marion Island across altitude and aspect: climate change implications.

Acarologist attends symposium in Spain

From left: Drs Lizel Hugo-Coetzee (South Africa), Andrea Lienhard (Austria), Julia Jagersbacher-Baumann (Austria), Satoshi Shimano (Japan) and Tobias Pfingstl (Austria).


Mites in Art

12 December 2014
Oliewenhuis Art Museum Education Officer, Yolanda de Kock, came up with the brilliant idea to “pair” departments at the National Museum with contemporary South African artists to observe the investigations, results and activities of researchers and use this information as inspiration to create artworks.

Oribatid mites found their way to two artworks – one by Ben Botma, “Tussen-in” (scraperboard and digital print), and one by Elrie Joubert, who made digital prints from light microscope images. For this project, soil was collected from the garden of Oliewenhuis Art Museum, and the oribatids were extracted, identified and photographed.

The project of combining research, education and exhibition fits the mission of the National Museum perfectly: to provide heritage resources and an enjoyable experience to all people through quality research, conservation, education and exhibitions.

The Inquisitive Mind: Science and Imagination can be viewed at Oliewenhuis Art Museum until 1 February 2015.

Oribatids in art2a

Oribatids in art1a


Second workshop of the Soil Ecosystem Research Group

19 September 2013
Louise Coetzee and Lizel Hugo-Coetzee of the Department of Acarology attended the second meeting of the Soil Ecosystem Research Group (SERG), established in 2011, aiming to form a network to improve communication and develop links between researchers involved in studies of soil biota. The second workshop of SERG was held during the 18th Congress of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa (ESSA XVIII) from 1 to 3 July at Potchefstroom. Progress on a paper to review the status of knowlegde regarding soil biota in South Africa was discussed. The paper is collaboratively drafted with researchers from various institutions and universities, all working on taxonomy of soil biota. Integrative sampling techniques and funding opportunities were also discussed.

Soil Ecosystem Research Group


EURAAC 2012

21 August 2012
Louise Coetzee attended the 7th symposium of the European Association of Acarologists (EURAAC), held from 9 – 13 July 2012 at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, Austria. Louise presented a paper “An overview of the genus Afroleius (Acari, Oribatida)” in which certain character states not previously noticed in this genus were illustrated and a reinterpretation of other characters were discussed.

Apart from the scientific content of a conference, it is also a valuable experience to make social contact with colleagues from all over the world.

Louise Coetzee and Prof Reinhardt Schuster

Louise Coetzee and Prof. Reinhardt Schuster, retired acarologist from Graz, Austria.


Soil Ecology Workshop

21 July 2011
A soil ecology workshop was held on 6 July 2011 during the 17th Congress of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, held at the University of the Free State from 3 – 6 July. The workshop was attended by taxonomists and other researchers concerned with soil biota. Presentations were made by a number of specialists working on various ecologically important soil dwellers. The message from this workshop was clear: the shortage of taxonomists in these groups is severe. A soil ecology research group was established in order to find measures to address this problem.

Louise Coetzee presented a talk “Mites in Soil” pointing out the ecological role of oribatid (soil) mites as well as the taxonomic status of Oribatida in South Africa. Dr Lizel Hugo-Coetzee presented a poster (co-authored by Dr Nico Avenant) “Soil mite (Acari: Oribatida) response to prescribed fire in a central South African grassland”.

SERG 1st meeting

Attendants at the inaugural meeting of the Soil Ecology Research Group (Louise Coetzee 2nd row, second from left; Lizel Hugo-Coetzee 2nd row, third from left).


International Congress of Acarology

6 October 2010

Dr Lizel Hugo-Coetzee from the Acarology Department, National Museum, Bloemfontein, attended the 13th International Congress of Acarology from 23-27 August, 2010, in Recife, Brazil, where she reported on the effect of fire on soil mite communities in Free State grasslands.

The Congress was attended by 380 delegates from 41 countries. Other South Africans present at the Congress were Dr Eddie Ueckermann (Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council), Prof. Pieter Theron (School of Environmental Sciences & Development, North West University), Dr Louwrens Tiedt (Laboratory of Electron Microscopy, North West University) and Dr Jacob den Heyer (Department of Zoology & Entomology, University of the Free State.

group oribatid

Dr Lizel Hugo-Coetzee (4th from left) with participants at the Acarology Congress, Recife, Brazil

Collection Overview

Oribatida main collection

The collection consists of Oribatida mites (Acari) originating from 1951. The specimens mostly originate from various localities (all provinces) in South Africa, with limited specimens from Namibia, Angola, Lesotho, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Uganda, Tanzania, Nigeria, Israel, Turkey, Iran, Italy, Australia,  Gough Island, Marion Island, Nightingale Island, Tristan da Cunha, Reunion and Antarctica. Some paratypes are also stored within this collection. The collection consists of more than 278 000 oribatid mites, from 28 300 samples, collected from 4 700 localities.  Specimens are stored in a 70% ethanol/5% glycerol solution in eppindorfs inside a glass vial. Some recent specimens are stored in 99% ethanol for genetic studies.

Oribatida holotype collection

The Oribatida holotype collection has specimens dated from 1955. The specimens originate from South Africa, Namibia, Marion and Prince Edward Islands. The holotype collection consists of more than 268 Oribatida specimens. Specimens are stored in a 70% ethanol + 5% glycerol solution in eppindorfs inside a glass vial.

Prostigmata and Sarcoptiformes collections

The Prostigmata collection consists of 26 holotypes and paratypes from South Africa and Zimbabwe/Zambia dated from 1974-2019. The Sarcoptiformes collection consists of 213 holotypes, paratypes and other specimens of feather mites collected in South Africa dated from 1988-1993. Both these collections consist of mites permanently mounted on slides. 

ACARI HOLOTYPE LISTS

ORIBATIDA HOLOTYPES

Lohmannioidea

Lohmanniidae

Annectacarus eksteeni Coetzee, 2001

Lohmannia lerallana Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee & Khaustov, 2017

Paulianacarus barlowi Coetzee, 2001

Paulianacarus groblerae Coetzee, 2001

Papillacarus brinki Coetzee, 2001

Mesoplophoroidea

Mesoplophoridae

Mesoplophora iuvenalis Niedbała, 2006

Mesoplophora pertenuis Niedbała, 2006

Mesoplophora setulosa Niedbała, 2006

Euphthiracaroidea

Oribotritiidae

Austrotritia engelbrechti Niedbała, 2006

Indotritia cypha Niedbała, 2006

Indotritia didyma Niedbała, 2006

Indotritia eksteeni Niedbała, 2006

Indotritia fusa Niedbała, 2006

Indotritia partita Niedbała, 2006

Indotritia phymatha Niedbała, 2006

Oribotritia deminuta Niedbała, 2006

Euphthiracaridae

Acrotritia minuta Niedbała, 2006

Euphthiracarus rectus Niedbała, 2006

Euphthiracarus scuticus Niedbała, 2006

Phthiracaroidea

Steganacaridae

Hoplophorella crinata (Niedbała, 2006)

Hoplophorella engelbrechti (Niedbała, 2006)

Notophthiracarus agulhasensis Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus bulbosus (Niedbała, 2006)

Notophthiracarus capevidalensis Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus coetzeeae Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus cordylus (Niedbała, 2006)

Notophthiracarus gongylos Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus grossus Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus mekistos Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus niedbalai Subías, 2009 (=N. procerus Niedbała 2006)

Notophthiracarus pumilus Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus serratus Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus tsitsikamaensis Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus vernonensis Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus zululandensis Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus (Steganacarus) brevisetosus (Niedbała, 2006)

Notophthiracarus (Steganacarus) cristatus Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus (Steganacarus) frondeus Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus (Steganacarus) knysnaensis Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus (Steganacarus) korannabergensis Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus (Steganacarus) natalensis Niedbała, 2006

Notophthiracarus (Steganacarus) phyllodes Niedbała, 2006

Phthiracaridae

Phthiracarus leliehoekensis Niedbała, 2006

Phthiracarus anakolos Niedbała, 2006

Phthiracarus (Archiphthiracarus) blythedalensis Niedbała, 2006

Phthiracarus (Archiphthiracarus) densus Niedbała, 2006

Phthiracarus (Archiphthiracarus) hillcrestensis Niedbała, 2006

Phthiracarus (Archiphthiracarus) sudafricanus Subías, 2010  (= P. humulis Niedbała, 2006)

Phthiracarus (Archiphthiracarus) kokae Niedbała, 2006

Phthiracarus (Archiphthiracarus) pertenuis Niedbała, 2006

Phthiracarus (Archiphthiracarus) rhachis (Niedbała, 2006)

Crotonioidea

Malaconothridae

Malaconothrus minimus Yamamoto & Coetzee, 2003

Malaconothrus (Cristonothrus) engelbrechti Yamamoto & Coetzee, 2003 

Malaconothrus (Cristonothrus) longidorsus Yamamoto & Coetzee, 2003

Malaconothrus (Cristonothrus) stigmatus Yamamoto & Coetzee, 2003

Malaconothrus (Trimalaconothrus) punctus (Yamamoto & Coetzee, 2004)

Tyrphonothrus (Trimalaconothrus) binodulus (Yamamoto & Coetzee, 2004)

Tyrphonothrus (Trimalaconothrus) duoaculens (Yamamoto & Coetzee, 2004)

Tyrphonothrus (Trimalaconothrus) obesus (Yamamoto & Coetzee, 2004)

Tyrphonothrus (Trimalaconothrus) rectus (Yamamoto & Coetzee 2004)

Nothridae

Nothrus bilongisetosus Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2012

Nothrus engelbrechti Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2012

Nothrus louiseae Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2012

Nothrus monolongisetosus Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2012

Crotoniidae

Crotonia dicella Colloff ,1990

Crotonia ecphyla Colloff, 1990

Crotonia lyrata Colloff, 1990

Crotonia pauropelor Colloff ,1990

Trhypochthoniidae

Trhypochthoniellus malaconothroiformis Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee & Theron, 2017

Hermannioidea

Hermanniidae

Hermannia (Phyllhermannia) comparabilis de Wet, 1993

Hermannia (Phyllhermannia) engelbrechti de Wet, 1993

Hermannia (Phyllhermannia) exobothridialis de Wet, 1993

Hermannia (Phyllhermannia) louisiae de Wet, 1993

Hermannia (Phyllhermannia) natalensis de Wet, 1993

Hermannia (Phyllhermannia) nathanaeli de Wet, 1993

Hermannia (Phyllhermannia) notogastralis de Wet, 1993

Hermannia (Phyllhermannia) phylliformis de Wet, 1993

Hermannia (Phyllhermannia) setiformis de Wet, 1993

Hermannia (Phyllhermannia) transvaalensis de Wet, 1993

Plateremaeoidea

Licnodamaeidae

Licnodamaeus erfenisdamensis (Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2012)

Licnodamaeus asetosus (Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2012)

Licnodamaeus navalhillensis Bayartogtokh, Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee & Khaustov, 2018

Licnodamaeus sacculatus Bayartogtokh, Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee & Khaustov, 2018

Gymnodamaeoidea

Gymnodamaeidae

Adrodamaeus johanni (Hugo, 2010)

Aleurodamaeidae

Aleurodamaeus angelae Hugo-Coetzee, 2013

Aleurodamaeus ermilovi (Hugo-Coetzee, 2014)

Aleurodamaeus deswardti (Hugo 2010)

Aleurodamaeus minutus Hugo-Coetzee, 2013

Aleurodamaeus niedbalai Hugo-Coetzee, 2013

Aleurodamaeus prominens Hugo-Coetzee, 2013

Aleurodamaeus salvadordalli Hugo-Coetzee, 2013

Aleurodamaeus vicinus Hugo-Coetzee, 2013

Aleurodamaeus woasi Hugo-Coetzee, 2013

Zetorchestoidea

Zetorchestidae

Zetorchestes transvaalensis Coetzee, 1989

Gustavioidea

Astegistidae

Furcoppia groblerae Subías, 2010

Furcoppia longiseta Grobler, 2003

Furcoppia minuta Grobler, 2003

Amerobelboidea

Eremulidae

Eremulus southafricanensis Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2012

Eremulus spindleformis Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2012

Oppioidea

Oppiidae

Lanceoppiinae

Drepanoppia falxa (Kok, 1967)

Globoppia vernoncrookensis Hugo-Coetzee, 2017

Lanceoppia scytheae Hugo-Coetzee, 2014

Setoppia izinyosa Hugo-Coetzee, 2017

Setoppia quattuor (Kok, 1967)

Oppiinae

Coetzeella navalensis Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee & Khaustov, 2017

Lasiobelba neonominata Subías, 2004= Oppia yodai africana Kok, 1967

Neoamerioppia africana (Kok, 1967)

Paroppia neethlingi Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2019

Multioppiinae

Graptoppia (G) neonominata Subías, 2004 = Oppia parva Kok, 1967

Graptoppia (Stenoppia) quathlambae (Kok, 1967)

Ramusella (Insculptoppia) florisbadensis Hugo-Coetzee, 2016

Ramusella (Insculptoppia) seniczakae Hugo-Coetzee, 2016

Ramusella (Insculptoppia) tobiasi Hugo-Coetzee, 2016

Brachioppiinae

Brachioppia louwi Hugo-Coetzee, 2014

Brachioppia pectinata Kok 1967

Brachioppiella dawidi Hugo-Coetzee, 2014

Brachioppiella goblina Hugo-Coetzee, 2014

Brachioppiella (Gressittoppia) moresonensis (Kok, 1967)

Brachioppiella (Gressittoppia) martinezi Hugo-Coetzee, 2017

Brachioppiella (Gressittoppia) orkneyensis (Kok, 1967)

Brachioppiella (Gressittoppia) ricknuttalli Hugo-Coetzee, 2017

Kokoppia longisetosa (Kok, 1967)

Kokoppia mandelai Hugo-Coetzee, 2014

Kokoppia murvanidzeae Hugo-Coetzee, 2017

Kokoppia kaaimansensis Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2019

Pletzenoppia pletzenae (Kok, 1967)

Medioppiinae

Quattoppiella goldengatensis Hugo-Coetzee, 2014

 Trizetoidea

Suctobelbidae

Suctobelbella paracarinata Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2017

 Otocepheoidea

Tetracondylidae

Leptotocepheus (Longocepheus) globosus (Grobler, 1995)

Plenotocephus crinitus Grobler, 1995

Plenotocephus dentatus Grobler, 1995

Plenotocephus discrepans Grobler, 1995

Plenotocephus verrucosus Grobler, 1995

Pseudotocepheus aoki Grobler, 1997

Pseudotocepheus contractus Grobler, 1997

Pseudotocepheus dentatus Grobler, 1998

Pseudotocepheus lanceolatus Grobler, 1998

Pseudotocepheus promissus Grobler, 1998

Pseudotocepheus shauni Grobler, 1997                

Trichocepheus auriculus Grobler, 1995

Carabodoidea

Carabodidae

Austrocarabodes crassimarginatus Hugo-Coetzee, 2011

Austrocarabodes hendriksi Hugo, 2008

Austrocarabodes linaesetosa Hugo, 2010

Austrocarabodes longisetosus Hugo-Coetzee, 2011

Austrocarabodes luciensis Hugo, 2008

Austrocarabodes mahunkai Hugo, 2010

Austrocarabodes nortoni Hugo-Coetzee, 2011

Austrocarabdoes vernoncrookensis Hugo, 2010

Tectocepheoidea

Tectocepheidae

Tegeocranellus knysnaensis Kok, 1968

Tegeocranellus sacchareus Kok, 1968

Hydrozetoidea

Hydrozetidae

Hydrozetes capensis Engelbrecht 1974

Hydrozetes sphagnicolus Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee & Theron, 2017

Ameronothroidea

Ameronothridae

Aquanothrus montanus Engelbrecht, 1975

Alaskozetes bouvetoyaensis Pletzen & Kok, 1971

Halozetes belgicae mickii Coetzee, 2000

Halozetes capensis Coetzee & Marshall, 2003

Halozetes edwardensis Pletzen & Kok, 1971

Halozetes fulvus Engelbrecht, 1975

Halozetes marinus devilliersi Engelbrecht, 1974

Halozetes marionensis Engelbrecht, 1974

Cymbaeremaeoidea

Cymbaeremaeidae

Scapheremaeus pundamiliaensis Engelbrecht, 1975

Scapheremaeus rustenburgensis Engelbrecht, 1975

Licneremaeoidea

Lamellareidae

Lamellarea ardua Kok, 1968

Lamellarea digitata Kok, 1968

Lamellarea forceps Kok, 1968

Lamellarea quadrata Coetzee, 1987

Lamellarea koki Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee & Khaustov, 2017

Microlamellarea engelbrechti Coetzee, 1987

Scutoverticidae

Ethiovertex sculperens (Kok, 1968)

Scutoverticosus arcanus Kok, 1968

Passalozetidae

Bipassalozetes wolwekransensis (Engelbrecht, 1974)

Passalozetes douglasensis Engelbrecht, 1974

Phenopelopoidea

Phenopelopidae

Eupelops capensis Grobler, 1989

Eupelops distinctus Grobler, 1989

Eupelops engelbrechti Grobler, 1989

Eupelops foveolatus Engelbrecht, 1975

Eupelops margatensis Engelbrecht, 1975

Eupelops minutus Grobler, 1989

Eupelops sulcatus thabazimbiensis Engelbrecht, 1975

Unduloribatoidea

Unduloribatidae

Valbehanella freestatensis Ermilov & Hugo-Coetzee, 2012

Eremaeozetidae

Eremaeozetes capensis Schatz, 2001

Eremaeozetes louisae Schatz, 2003

Eremaeozetes nasutus Schatz, 2003

Mahunkaia tricornis Schatz, 2002

Microzetoidea

Microzetidae

Afrozetes champaignensis Engelbrecht, 1972

Afrozetes magoebaeneis magoebaensis Engelbrecht, 1972

Afrozetes magoabaensis capensis Engelbrecht, 1972

Afrozetes natalensis Engelbrecht, 1972

Berlesezetes natalensis (Engelbrecht, 1972)

Berlesezetes ornatissimus orkneyensis (Engelbrecht, 1972)

Magoebazetes magoebaensis Engelbrecht, 1973

Magoebazetes natalensis Engelbrecht, 1973

Magoebazetes pentasetarum Engelbrecht, 1973

Rhopalozetes georgensis Engelbrecht, 1972

Rhopalozetes witfonteinensis Engelbrecht, 1972

Schalleriella gravouwensis Engelbrecht, 1972

Achipteroidea

Tegoribatidae

Neophysobates montanus (Engelbrecht, 1986)

Neophysobates nudus (Engelbrecht, 1986)

Paraphysobates natalensis (Engelbrecht, 1986)

Achipteriidae

Novoribatella minutisetarum Engelbrecht, 1986

Novoribatella pentasetarum Engelbrecht, 1986

Zetomotrichidae

Demisalto engelbrechti Coetzee, 1993

Demisalto (Saltatrichus) louiseae  Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee, Khaustov & Theron, 2019

Demisalto (Saltatrichus) magnus (Coetzee, 1993

Demisalto (Saltatrichus) marshalli (Coetzee, 1995)

Demisalto (Saltatrichus) minus (Coetzee, 1993)

Demisalto (Saltatrichus) robustus (Coetzee, 1993)

Floritrichus louisbothai Coetzee, 2003

Mabulatrichus dentatus Coetzee, 1993

Oripodoidea

Oribatulidae

Ausoribatula termitophila Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee & Khaustov, 2017

Ausoribatula bloemfonteinensis Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee & Khaustov, 2017

Megatrichobates longisetosus Grobler, 2000

Megatrichobates striatus Grobler, 2000

Oribatula franklinensis Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee, Khaustov & Khaustov, 2020

Oribatula (Zygoribatula) connexa substriata (Grobler & Kok, 1993)

Oribatula (Zygoribatula) gracilata (Grobler & Kok, 1993)

Oribatula (Zygoribatula) lineaporosa (Grobler, 1993)

Oribatula (Zygoribatula) pennata (Grobler, 1993)

Oribatula (Zygoribatula) similitricha Subías, 2010

Nesozetidae

Nesozetes membranus Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee, Khaustov, Theron & Behan-Pelletier, 2017

Scheloribatidae

Perscheloribates minutus (Pletzen, 1965)

Perscheloribates rustenburgensis (Pletzen, 1963)

Perscheloribates tzitzikamaensis (Pletzen, 1963)

Scheloribates elsi Pletzen, 1965

Scheloribates louwi louwi Pletzen, 1965

Scheloribates parvus Pletzen, 1963

Scheloribates potchefstroomensis Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee, Khaustov & Theron, 2017

Scheloribates robustus Pletzen, 1963

Scheloribates variabilis Pletzen, 1965

Protoribatidae

Protoribates natalensis (Pletzen, 1963)

Protoribates (Triaungius) durbanensis (Pletzen, 1963)

Protoribates (Triaungius) punctatus (Grobler ,1991)

Ceratozetoidea

Chamobatidae

Ceratobates monosacculatus Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee & Khaustov, 2017

Hypozetes andrei Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee, Khaustov & Kontschan, 2019

 Maudheimiidae

Maudheimia tanngardenensis Coetzee, 1997

Multimaudheimia marshalli (Coetzee, 1997)

Punctoribatidae

Afroleius amieae Coetzee, 2014

Afroleius caudatus Coetzee, 2014

Afroleius crassus Coetzee, 2013

Afroleius decurvatus Coetzee, 2013

Afroleius deformatoides Coetzee, 2013

Afroleius inae Coetzee, 2014

Afroleius lucidus Coetzee, 2015

Afroleius natalensis Coetzee, 2014

Afroleius valerieae Coetzee, 2014

Galumnoidea

Galumnidae

Neoctenogalumna moresonensis (Engelbrecht, 1972)

Carinogalumna montana Engelbrecht, 1973

Dimidiogalumna villiersensis Engelbrecht, 1972

Galumna capensis capensis Engelbrecht, 1969

Galumna capensis dissimilis Engelbrecht, 1969

Galumna comparibilis Engelbrecht, 1972

Galumna curvifamulus Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee, Khaustov & Theron, 2017

Galumna dimidiata Engelbrecht, 1969

Galumna nuda Engelbrecht, 1972

Galumna sphagni Ermilov, Hugo-Coetzee & Theron, 2018

Galumna tricuspidata Engelbrecht, 1969

Galumna (Rostrogalumna) chrisengelbrechti Ermilov & Klimov, 2017 = Rostrogalumna   rostrata Engelbrecht, 1969

Pergalumna elongata Engelbrecht, 1972

Pergalumna incomperta Engelbrecht, 1972

Pergalumna magnipora capensis Engelbrecht, 1972

Pilogalumna bloemfonteinensis Engelbrecht, 1972

Pilogalumna kimberleyensis Engelbrecht,1972

Pilogalumna variabilis Engelbrecht, 1972

Sacculogalumna saccularis Engelbrecht, 1973

Trichogalumna pumularis Engelbrecht, 1972

Trichogalumna punctata Engelbrecht, 1972

Galumnellidae

Galumnella pilosa Engelbrecht, 1972

PROSTIGMATA HOLOTYPES

Arrenuroidea

Arrenuridae

Arrenurus (Truncaturus) bowmakeri Jansen van Rensburg, 1974

Aturidae

Amperaturus globulipes Smit, 2017

Hygrobatoidea

Hygrobatidae

Atractides capensis Pesic, Smit & Gerecke, 2011

Atractides cooki Pesic, Smit & Gerecke, 2011

Atractides dracomontanus Pesic, Smit & Gerecke, 2011

Atractides meridianus Pesic, Smit & Gerecke, 2011

Atractides neoscutifer Pesic, Smit & Gerecke, 2011

Hygrobates inflatipes Smit, 2005

Hygrobates spathuliferus cederberg Smit, 2005

Hygrobates laceratoides Smit, 2005

Hygrobates draconicus Smit, 2005

Paratydeoidea

Paratydeidae

Tanytydeus theroni Khaustov, Hugo-Coetzee & Ermilov, 2019

Pygmephoroidea

Microdispidae

Punicodoxa lineata Khaustov, Hugo-Coetzee & Ermilov, 2018

Sidorchukdispus ekaterinae Khaustov, Hugo-Coetzee, Ermilov & Theron, 2019

Pygmephoridae

Micropygmephorus pusillus Khaustov, Hugo-Coetzee & Ermilov, 2017

Pseudoluciaphorus tuberosus Khaustov, Hugo-Coetzee & Ermilov, 2019

Scutacaridae

Gerdalbertia elongata Khaustov, Hugo-Coetzee & Ermilov, 2017

Scutacarus termitophilus Khaustov, Hugo-Coetzee & Ermilov, 2018

 SARCOPTIFORMES HOLOTYPES

(FEATHER MITES)

Analgoidea

Analgidae

Anagles vanasi Mironov & Kopij, 1996 (host: Sturnidae, Lamprotornis bicolor)

Proctophyllodidae

Montesauria belozerovi  Mironov & Kopij, 1996 (host: Sturnidae, Creatophora cinerea)

Montesauria emberizae Mironov & Kopij, 1996 (host: Fringillidae, Emberiza tahapisi)

Montesauria jesionowskii  Mironov & Kopij, 1997 (host: Cisticolidae, Apalis thoracica)

Montesauria punctata  Mironov & Kopij, 1996 (host: Sturnidae, Lamprotornis bicolor)

Montesauria tetralobula Mironov & Kopij, 1996 (host: Estrildidae, Pytilia melba)

Pedanodectes marginatus Mironov & Kopij, 1997 (host: Cisticolidae, Camaroptera brachyura)

Proctophyllodes caffer Mironov & Kopij, 1996 (host: Turdidae, Cossypha caffra)

Proctophyllodes leptodiscus Mironov & Kopij, 1996 (host: Fringillidae, Crithagra gularis)

Pteronyssidae

Metapteronyssus angolensis Mironov & Kopij, 2000 (host: Estrildidae, Uraeginthus angolensis)

Pteroherpus africanus Mironov & Kopij, 2000 (host: Pycnonotidae, Pycnonotus barbatus)

Pteronyssoides nectariniae Mironov, 2001 (host: Nectarinnidae, Cinnyris afer)

Pteronyssoides promeropis Mironov & Kopij, 2000 (host: Promeropidae, Promerops gurneyi)

Sturnotrogus creatophorae Mironov & Kopij, 200 (host: Sturnidae, Creatophora cinerea)

Trouessartiidae

Trouessartia angolensis  Mironov & Kopij, 2000 (host: Estrildidae, Uraeginthus angolensis)

Trouessartia creatophorae  Mironov & Kopij, 1996 (host: Sturnidae, Creatophora cinerea)

Trouessartia daberti Mironov & Kopij, 2000 (host: Promeropidae, Promerops gurneyi)

Trouessartia priniae  Mironov & Kopij, 2000 (host: Cisticolidae, Malcorus pectoralis)

Trouessartia pytiliae  Mironov & Kopij, 2000 (host: Estrildidae, Pytilia melba)

Loan Policy

The acceptance of material on loan implies that the following conditions have been accepted:

  1. Loan material must be handled with the utmost care and must be securely packed for return by insured or registered mail.
  2. National Museum specimens described as holotypes must be returned.
  3. All labels and numbers given to specimens/objects must be retained and under no circumstances should any of these be discarded or altered. Where applicable the catalogue numbers of specimens/objects must be given in descriptions.
  4. The National Museum should be credited in any publication when referring to this material. 
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